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Chemists make thermoset polymer using amine and tricket that is recyclable



<div data-thumb = "https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/tmb/2019/5cc6e32aedf99.jpg" data-src = "https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/ newman / gfx / news / 2019 / 5cc6e32aedf99.jpg "data-sub-html =" Reversible, dynamic covalent diketoenamine bonds. Diketoenamine bonds form spontaneously from triketones and both aromatic and aliphatic amines. to triketone and ammonium salt Credit: Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038 / s41557-019-0249-2 ">

<img src = "https://3c1703fe8d.site.internapcdn.net/newman/csz/news/800/2019/5cc6e32aedf99.jpg" alt = "Chemists make thermoset polymer using amine and tricket that is recyclable" title = "Reversible Diketoenamine bonds form tricetones and both aromatic and aliphatic amines, Diketoenamine bonds form tricetones and ammonium salts. Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038 / s41557-019-0249-2 "/>
Reversible, dynamic covalent diketoenamine bonds. Diketoenamine bonds form spontaneously from tricetones and both aromatic and aliphatic amines. Under strongly acidic conditions in water, the diketoenamine bond hydrolyses to the tricetone and an ammonium salt. Credit: Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038 / s41557-019-0249-2

A team of researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has devised a way to make recyclable thermoset plastic. In their paper published in the journal Nature Chemistry, the group combining two particular types of monomers to form a common type of polymer that can be recycled using an acid. Coralie Jehanno and Haritz Sardon with the University of the Basque Country UPV / EHU have published the News and Views piece outlining the work of the team in California in the same journal issue.


Plastics have become an environmental problem. Companies make them and use them in a wide variety of applications. Other businesses make use of the plastics and then discard them. But because they do not degrade very quickly, they are building up in the landfills and the ocean. One particular polymer, known as thermoset, is especially troublesome because it is widely used and does not recycle easily. In this new effort, the researchers report and the way to make a type of thermoset that can be broken down into its component parts using an acid and then recycled.

To come up with the right ingredients, the researchers looked for the monomers they could use in a closed-loop cycle (in which the monomer building blocks are recovered) and part of the recycling. They finally landed on the monomers amine and triketone. The researchers found they could use them to make a thermoset polymer simply by grinding the two together. Further work showed that the polymer was soaked in strong acid for 12 hours, the diketoenamine bonding network would release its bonds, separating the monomers. Next, they found the monomers could be separated and used by an operationally simple procedure and then reused to make new thermosets that were nearly identical to the original they had made.

The researchers then tested their technique in conditions with other materials in the resultant polymer, such as fiberglass or flame retardants. They report that they did not prevent the recovery of the monomers or contaminates the new thermosets that were made from them. They also note that much more testing of their technique is required to make sure the thermosets are safe to use and that they do not create other environmental problems.


A new class of recyclable thermoset plastics


More information:
Peter R. Christensen et al. Closed-loop recycling of plastics enabled by dynamic covalent diketoenamine bonds Nature Chemistry (2019). DOI: 10.1038 / s41557-019-0249-2

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                                                 Chemists make thermoset polymer using amine and tricket that is recyclable (2019, April 29)
                                                 retrieved 29 April 2019
                                                 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-chemists-thermoset-polymer-amine-triketone.html

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