Researchers have recorded the largest electrical charge for graphene by removing contamination of silicon to release the supermaterial potential.
The RMIT team in Melbourne demonstrated the effectiveness of using pure graphene over contaminated graphene to create a superconductor, doubling the performance of the material, and approaching the expected theoretical capacity.
Dr. Dorna Esrafilzadeh of RMIT: "We believe that this contamination is at the heart of many seemingly inconsistent reports on the properties of graphene and perhaps many other atom-thin two-dimensional materials.
"This degree of discrepancy can lead to the emergence of large industrial applications for graphene-based systems, but it also hinders regulatory frameworks that govern the deployment of such laminated nanomaterials that are designed to become the backbone of next-generation devices."
Team led by Dr. Esrafilzadehem and dr. Rouhollah Ali Jalili, examined commercially available graphite samples, an atom atom, a scanning transient electron microscope.
Tests showed high levels of contamination, with the silicon present in natural graphite not completely removed after processing. Contaminated material is up to 50 percent worse in electrode tests.
The two-dimensional property of graphite foils, which is only one thick atom, is ideal for electricity storage and new sensory technologies that rely on large surface areas.
Graphene delivers warmth and electricity ten times better than copper and has been celebrated as a transformation material for flexible electronics, computer chips, solar panels, water filters, and biosensors. Performance was mixed and acceptance in industry slow and university studies identified silicon contamination as a cause.
With the RMIT Advanced Materials and Industrial Chemistry Center, he also used a clean graph to build the versatile moisture sensor with the highest sensitivity and the lowest detection limit ever recorded.
The RMIT study was published in 2008 Natural communication.