It was confirmed by the Provincial Ministry of Health. What it is and how to prevent this disease.
The Misiones Ministry of Health confirmed this week that in the year 2018 there were 36 cases of leprosy in the province, an expected figure for the endemic area. This chronic infectious disease was known to affect every ten thousand people two decades ago, and its consequences are known, but at present it has a much lower number and can be successfully treated.
"Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Leprae or Hansen bacillus who discovered bacteria in the 19th century.This treatment is done with antibiotics and is cured.As Argentina has adopted a WHO system with three simultaneous high efficacy drugs since 1985, "explained dermatologist Raul Valdez in an interview with PERFIL.
The specialist added that "in the country 20 years ago, leprosy was a public health problem because there was one patient in every 10,000 population, but in 1983 the Law on Leprosy in Argentina was changed, which decides on compulsory and free treatment instead of compulsory admission, which was no longer necessary.
Characteristics of leprosy:
-Most affects skin and peripheral nerves
– It usually appears as a spot without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain
Transmission of the disease occurs through direct and long-term contact
The area where most endemic conditions are recorded is in the provinces in the north and northeast of the country: Misiones, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes.
– Usually appears as a spot without sensitivity to cold, heat and pain.
– It usually appears as a spot without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain.
In this context, a specialist at the Australian Teaching Hospital informed about how the concept of the disease changed in recent years: "Dr. Luis María Baliña, lexrologist, is the one who in 1983 proposed an amendment to the law that says" compulsory and free treatment "; no longer "hospitalizing" because it is more effective to provide an antibiotic than to restrict the person and that is where the leprosy is going. "
"Since 1985, there has been a very significant decline in Argentina, with only 300 confirmed cases of leprosy reported in 2016," he added.
"Treatment against leprosy is effective and effective," says Dr. Raúl Valdez
"Today's diagnosis becomes easy: a biopsy is taken with a clinical examination, a bacteriological examination is performed, and the patient is starting treatment this day. It is important that it is very effective and effective, two weeks after it is received, the patient stops being contagious, calm group, "the specialist explained.
The expert illustrated the stage of the disease:
-Incubation. If the patient comes and I suspect leprosy, the diagnosis can be made in 24 hours. However, this person can incubate this disease for 1 or 2 years without knowing it.
Symptoms The best ally of a doctor is pain, because when you get injured, go to a professional. Leprosy affects not only the skin but also the peripheral nervous system, the patient does not feel. When you burn or have a nail in your shoes, you do not feel it, and that's what's amazing, has a part of the body sleeping or a stain. The reason for the consultation is "I do not feel".
-Contact. Disease occurs from person to person and with a close relationship, ie, relatives. We call our roommates, the people who live under this roof and have contacts for housing, our risk group. The infection is mainly by mouth, before it was believed to touch the skin, but it turned out not to be the case. It lasts intimately and for a long time.
– Continuation The efficacy of leprosy is 95%, which is very much in medicine. For a leprosy patient, we give two years of pharmacological discharge, that is, it does not take more medication and is monitored for five years to see if relapse is over. In other words, a partial discharge is indicated.
Leprosarium "In 1929, when Pedro Baliña (father Luis), a dermatologist and a horologist, proposed a mandatory law on hospitalization, lepers were created in Argentina, one of which was San Francisco de Cheñar (Córdoba) and another Baldomero Sommer (Buenos Aires) which are currently acting as general hospitals, "recalls Valdez.
"There were many lepers that responded to this law, which responded as they did when they were not antibiotics, the only solution that society had to isolate the infected patients was the same with those who had tuberculosis. specialist.
"In 1983, when Luis Baliña succeeded in changing the law, it was found that every patient with leprosy received free compulsory treatment from the state, not compulsory hospitalization, because it was more effective to give antibiotics to the person who restricted it. so they closed and opened up as health centers, "he concluded.