In a study presented at the Mexican Cancer Society (SMEO) Congress, data from 12 Latin American countries were analyzed, indicating that 99% of cases of lung cancer are diagnosed in Mexico in three or four stages, while 85% of the rest of the countries are in the region.
Irene Mia, global editor of the EIU, pointed out that with regard to this type of cancer, there is not enough data or registration in the Latin American region, and we have worked on identifying three priority areas in cancer health policies: tobacco control, access and early diagnosis .
Health specialists who collaborated on research have found that the stigma of this type of cancer is an obstacle preventing more specific policies and resources from being devoted to other types of cancer.
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"We believe patients who smoke have won the disease," said Dr. Oscar Arrieta, head of the pulmonary department at the National Cancer Institute (INCan) and noted that smoking is a dependency in which the Mexican state "did not do enough to prevent it."
Although smoking is still the main cause of lung cancer, 40% is due to unrelated causes such as the presence of arsenic in water, air pollution and the use of fuel wood as a fuel in a kitchen.
In Mexico, this type of cancer does not cover Seguro Popular – which provides coverage of over 40% of the population that does not have private insurance or social security – which contributes to the country's low-level country position. tobacco control, access and early diagnosis.
In Latin America, 60,000 people die from lung cancer each year, while 10,000 new cases were diagnosed in Mexico in 2010 and Arreet should double to 20,000 by 2025. "The mortality rate will be very similar."
Related: Lung cancer causes 60,000 deaths a year in Latin America
Ricardo Pérez Cuevas, director of research at the National Institute of Public Health, said the study reflects challenges to improve the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer and there is no single answer to the problems associated with it in America. Latin
Pérez Cuevas said that in Mexico, INCan, the Mexican Health Foundation and the National Institute of Public Health are working on a proposal based on the costs of fighting lung cancer and smoking that will be submitted to the Mexican authorities.
"Our hope is that lung cancer care policy is stable, has the necessary background, and we can move on in the approach and effectiveness of treatment," the expert concluded.