(Relaxnews) – Employees with high blood pressure, sleep disorders and stressful jobs are three times the risk of cardiovascular death, warns German researchers.
A publication published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology recalls that a third of active people are prone to high blood pressure. Particularly at risk are people who are affected by this cardiovascular disorder and who are also stressed at work and have poor sleep quality. Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Professor at the Medical Faculty of the Technical University of Munich (Germany) and the author of the study explains: "If you are stressed at work, sleep will help you recover." Unfortunately, lack of sleep and stress at work often go hand in hand and when combined with hypertension, the effect is even more toxic.
The study was conducted on 1,959 hypertensive employees aged 25-65. None of them had cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Participants were asked about their work environment and sleep quality to determine the impact of these two factors on their cardiovascular health. Study authors define work-related stress by working under pressure with little room for maneuver.
"If you have high professional requirements but you can make decisions, it may be good for you, but being trapped in a pressure situation that you can't change is harmful," says Pr. Ladwig. Sleep disturbances, in this context, concerned the difficulty of falling asleep at night and / or the inability to complete a night's sleep.
Three other risks for those who accumulate both factors
Compared to those who were not stressed at work and who slept well, people with both risk factors were three times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease. The risk was 1.6 times higher in people who were stressed at work and 1.8 times higher in people who slept poorly or not.
"Stress work and sleep deprivation for many years reduces energy resources and can lead to premature death," Professor Ladwig warns, emphasizing the importance of physical activity, healthy eating and health. Do relaxation exercises to reduce risks.
"Employers should ensure stress management and sleep management in the workplace, especially for employees with chronic conditions such as high blood pressure," the researcher says.