In a report published on Monday, November 12, The World Health Organization warns against the poor consumption of antibiotics, whether it is inadequate consumption or excessive consumption. In her opinion, it leads to appearance "Superbugs" who can be fatal.
Since its discovery nearly a century ago, antibiotics have helped cure many bacterial diseases and saved tens of millions of lives. However, over time, bacteria have changed to resist, so much that the WHO says "Antibiotic resistance is today one of the most serious threats to global health, food safety and development", He warns in his report "for the increasing number of infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, sepsis and gonorrhea, and food-borne diseases, treatment becomes more difficult, sometimes impossible, due to the loss of antibiotic efficacy"That makes him afraid "a postantibiotic era in which frequent infections and small wounds will be lethal",
Antibiotics are too often abused
In France a slogan "antibiotics are not automatic" is well known but does not mean that this directive applies to both the territory and other countries. But their overconsumption is not the only problem: subordinate consumption is also one, says Suzanne Hill, head of WHO's base unit for drugs, which states that they are "the main causes of antimicrobial resistance", Bacteria may become more resistant when patients take medications they do not need, or when they do not finish treatment, allowing them to survive and develop immunity. This resistance may be the sameir "when patients can not afford full treatment or only have access to inferior or counterfeit medicines".
In the world, the consumption of antibiotics is very uneven. In its report, based on data gathered in 2015 in 65 countries, the World Health Organization presents a panorama. Burundi is the least conscious country with 4.4 daily doses (DDD) per 1,000 inhabitants per day, compared to more than 64 DDJ in Mongolia, for so many peopleIn Europe, the average consumption is 18 DDJ, of which Turkey (38 DDJ) and Azerbaijan (8 DDJ) are in the lower ranking. France is slightly above the average, with 25.92 DDD per day per 1000 inhabitantsagainst a small number over 11 years for Germany and 20 for the United Kingdom. "These differences suggest that some countries are likely to consume too many antibiotics, while others may not have enough access to these drugs."warns WHO. It recognizes, however, that its report is incomplete because it lacks many countries, including the three main absent ones, the United States, China and India.
Better use of antibiotics
"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat common infections such as pneumonia"warns Suzanne Hill. Dr. Marc Sprenger, Director of the WHO Secretariat for Antimicrobial Resistance, adds: "We have to slow down the development and spread of resistance so that the antibiotics we have available are as effective as possible"The organization provides advice to healthcare professionals, but also to patients. His recommendation is the importance of vaccination and topicality of vaccines, good hygiene, safe sex and good consumption and consumption of food. But also always take his treatment to the end "even if you feel better because stopping treatment too soon helps to promote the growth of drug-resistant bacteria"and do not require antibiotic treatment from your doctor, especially if it is against his or her opinion.
© World Health Organization
New French campaign
Few days after the WHO report is published, the French authorities are also launching a campaign against poor antibiotics, which is evidence that it is at the heart of all health problems. That slogan is gone "antibiotics are not automatic"but "are precious, we use them better", Professor Christian Brun-Buisson, the ministry delegate for self-renewal, explains Parisian : "This slogan is part of a campaign that we want to be broad, interdisciplinary, focusing on both human health, the animal and the environment, to emphasize the value of antibiotics, to insist on patients and health professionals that over-consumption creates a difficult resistance to treatment",
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