American writer and publisher Stan Lee, who died on Monday at the age of 95, has transformed the world of comics and popular culture by creating characters for Spider-Man, Hulk, X-Men and Marvel. Fantastic Four.
Looking at his smoky eyes, Stan Lee plunged into the world of comics, most likely, far beyond imagining he would make a generation of superhuman dream fans.
Born on December 28, 1922, in New York, the family of Romanian immigrants who were severely affected by the Great Depression. Stanley Martin Lieber dreamed of writing a "big American novel".
At 17, he finds work in the comedy department of Timely Comics.
A simple assistant is responsible for bringing coffee and designer inkwells before publishing his first text in 1941. He wants to book his real name for more "noble" works, chooses the pseudonym Stan Lee,
When two star creators, Jack Kirby and Joe Simon, are released two years later, they are offered the position of editor-in-chief.
Subsequently, Kirby, the designer of genius, becomes his great accomplice with the nickname "The King". Stan Lee, the screenwriter, will be called a "man."
For twenty years, director Stan Lee has directed Timely Comics, now Atlas Comics, writing stories in all genres, while superheroes have disappeared after World War II: Western, romance, sci-fi, horror, humor …
In the sector that is in crisis, Atlas Comics is lagging behind, just imitating its great rival DC Comics, where it "serves" Batman or Superman.
When his boss asks him to create the home equivalent of the "Justice League" just released by DC Comics, Stan Lee gives his instinct freedom on the advice of his wife. In 1961, the Superhero Team will introduce Fantastic Four and forever change comics.
While superheroes are traditionally smooth and flawless, Stan Lee's characters are ordinary men and women, endowed with super-performances by a combination of circumstances but filled with human suffering.
Heroes are going to, doubt, fight with financial problems or love to identify readers. Criminals are also endowed with feelings.
"This guy, Peter Parker, I just want to be a basic teenager, does not look like another muscular superhero," Stan Lee Jack Kirby asked before making another legend of drawing, Steve Ditko.
The Universe "Marvel"
"Fantastic Four" is a success, and Stan Lee leads him to create a number of new heroes: Hulk, Thor, Iron Man, X-Men, Daredevil, Doctor Strange or Spider-Man.
"If I knew I was so good, I would ask for an increase," he laughed in the summer of 2017, while Hollywood gave tribute to the famous Chinese theater.
One of his trademarks: they give the same initials of the name and the names of his characters. Peter Parker, Reed Richards, Bruce Banner, and Matt Murdock will not escape the rule.
In the 1960s, Stan Lee became the male orchestra of the publishing house, renamed "Marvel". It combines the role of the writer, publisher and director of the publication.
Marketing genius creates the "Marvel Universe". All of his superheroes evolve in the same world and find themselves on the pages of various group magazines: everything is happening so the fans feel like they belong to a community.
Several decades later, Hollywood still uses the same technique in the widescreen adaptation of superhero adventures.
To keep up, Stan Lee systematises the "Marvel method". Rather than a real scenario, it provides designers with a brief overview. Once the boards are drawn, they complete them by writing bubbles and legends.
The creations are largely co-author of the stories. Some will blame Stan Lee for wanting to get his blanket at their expense.
The publisher becomes the ambassador of comic books in the United States, multiplying the conference in universities, and performing in fan conventions that he sometimes considers to be a demigod.
Walt Disney fan, watching the adaptations of Marvel heroes to television and film, in the habit of short performances in all character films.
After a short lead, Marvel left Marvel at the end of the 1990s.
Despite the lengthy trial with Marvel, which Disney bought for $ 4 billion in 2009, Stan Lee remains closely associated with a company that has always been president as an emeritus and eternal symbol.