At this time of year, the prevailing climate is hot and humid. The environment leading to the development of mosquitoes Aedes aegypti, vectors of diseases such as dengue, chikungunya and zika. In addition to these diseases transmitted by the same insects, they have common symptoms, making the diagnosis difficult.
According to the infectious physician of Jundiai University Hospital (HU), Saulo Duarte Passos, small differences can be used as a differentiation criterion. According to him, dengue is the most serious disease compared to chikungunya and zikou. Its symptoms are fever, body pain (muscles), headache and eyes, dyspnea, skin patches and discomfort. In more severe cases, dengue can cause death due to bleeding.
Chikungunya also causes fever and pain in the body, but the pain is particularly concentrated in the joints. Symptoms usually last for two weeks, but pain may last for months. "Chikungunya greatly affects the quality of life of patients due to the persistence of pain." Cases of death are rare, "says the doctor.
Zika does not cause symptoms for most of the time, and if any symptoms occur, low fever, red eyes and characteristic itching are usually common. "Because the symptoms are more common, the disease is often confused with allergies," Dr. Saulo. Zika rarely causes death and her symptoms last for an average of seven days. However, it is important to note that zica is associated with neurological syndrome that causes paralysis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, as well as cases of microcephaly.
Treatment of patients with three diseases is practically the same because there are no specific drugs. It is recommended that these patients remain at rest and consume too much fluid. Your doctor may prescribe painkillers, except those containing acetylsalicylic acid in the formula, which may cause bleeding.
Dengue is already a vaccine, but for chikungunya and zika no. Your doctor explains that the dengue vaccine is also indicated for those who did not have a disease, but remember that it is offered only in the private network. Therefore, the best way to prevent these diseases is to remove Aedes aegypti's pockets as a standing water storage site.