WHO is preparing a new report on the impact of non-ionizing radiation on human health. Some sources include mobile phones, towers, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Scientists, however, fear that much data on damage to this type of radio waves will be ignored, according to RIA Novosti.
"Despite huge amounts of evidence of the risk of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation that does not cause significant warming of tissues, the World Health Organization and government agencies in many countries are not taking action to warn the public, they do not create measures that adequately protect people's health," the scientific report released this month Environmental Pollution Magazine.
The authors of this article include scientists from the Institute of General Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, researchers from several institutes in Italy, USA, Australia and Belgium, as well as physicians from the Örebro Teaching Hospital in Sweden and the oncology department of the Center for Biomedical Research, Slovakia.
The latest WHO report on the impact of mobile phones on health was published in 2014. Since then, many new data has been collected and scientists fear that this information may be ignored. WHO draws information on phone damage from reports produced by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), a non-governmental organization whose members are connected with large smartphone manufacturers and other types of devices.
"Why other scientific groups and health professionals are excluded is not clear, and most ICNIRP members are not conducting research," the authors report surprised. Many data on rotor and cell phone damage will be neglected, scientists say.
For signal transmission and reception, mobile devices use microwave radio waves with a frequency of one to two gigahertz. Unlike X-rays or X-rays, microwaves do not directly damage DNA. At low intensity, heat does not heat up the tissues or heats very badly. Microwave radio waves, however, have an effect on cells and this effect has been known since the late 1980s, when mobile communications are entering mass use, researchers wrote.
In 2002, the International Agency for the Study of Cancer included microwave radiation in Group 2B as "possibly carcinogenic for humans". The reason is an increased risk of brain cancer with long-term use of mobile phones. Scientists are now proposing to tighten the formulation and this type of radiation is included in Group 2A (probable) or even 1 (known) because many experiments on animals and cell cultures confirm the relationship of cellular radiation to cancer.
Microwaves can increase cell growth, alter enzyme activity and cell membrane permeability, which can affect protein folding. Studies have shown that irradiation affects the occurrence of certain genes (such as those responsible for heat shock proteins) that may interfere with cognitive abilities and spatial memory. Information about this was obtained from rodents.
When exposed to radiation from mobile phones and routers, male mice show a deterioration in sperm quality, indicating a negative effect on fertility of women and the incidence of infertility.
Some studies point to the possible link between microwaves and Alzheimer's disease, mental disorders and changes in blood pressure, the immune system, and the thyroid gland. Some people are too sensitive to electromagnetic radiation, even very low, by power lines. Those living near cell towers, base stations often complain of dizziness, headaches, rashes, allergies.
The greatest danger for children is that the young organism is particularly sensitive to various negative factors. For example, in France, Wi-Fi is prohibited in kindergartens. Primary schools have routers excluded when not in use.
Accumulated microwave radiation data is mostly from laboratories where the conditions do not match the natural conditions. Testing with a control group whose members do not use cell phones or have not been exposed to a Wi-Fi signal is unrealistic today because they are practically not such people. In addition, the mechanism of action of microwave waves with low intensity on cells is unclear. All this does not make it possible to clearly identify the damage to human health.
When selecting gadgets, experts recommend focusing on the specific absorption rate (SAR) that shows how much radiation energy absorbs the tissue. In addition, users do not have to stay constantly with the phone next to their body, and it is advisable to turn off the router when you are sleeping. Scientists hope governments will take action on cell phone and wireless internet damage.