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Data show that nearly 1 in 3 people are registered for GP operations with a dangerous level of air pollution

· 7.5 million NHS patients in London …
· More than 2 million NHS patients in the East Midlands region …
· 2.5 million NHS patients in the East of England …
· 2,3 million NHS patients in southeastern England …
· 1,5 million NHS patients in the West Midlands …
· 865,000 NHS patients in the southwest …
· 700,000 NHS patients in the northwest …
· 374,000 NHS patients in Yorkshire and Humber …
… recorded in operations affected by toxic fumes

A new analysis of air pollution data created by the UK100 network of networks on February 11 shows that 17.9 million NHS patients in England are registered in GP practice that exceeds the World Health Organization's annual limit on PM2.5 air pollution.

17.9 million is equivalent to nearly one in three (30%) of all NHS patients registered in England. Data is a surprising impact of air pollution in our cities. The UK100 urges central government leaders to address the issue of new laws and new funding for local authorities to clean up our toxic atmosphere.

18 million London residents and 30 largest cities in England, including all over Leeds and Liverpool, Birmingham and Bristol, Nottingham and Newcastle, Manchester and Milton Keynes, Sheffield and Sunderland, Portsmouth and Plymouth.

The research is published before a large summit on clean air, which takes place on 14 February in London, where London's leader Sadiq Khan, mayors and officials from all over England will attend. He is expected to join Environment Secretary Michael Gove, Health Secretary Matt Hancock, and NHS CEO Simon Stevens.

Mayor of London Sadiq Khan said, "Our toxic air is a national health crisis that contributes to tens of thousands of premature deaths every year in the UK.

"Air pollution is detrimental to the lungs and respiratory health of our children and is also associated with asthma, cancer and dementia. I am proud to have taken positive steps by cleaning up our bus and taxi park, encouraging fresh air innovations, setting up the largest monitoring the air quality network of any major city, and since April this year has introduced the world's first low-emission Zone Zone in central London.

"The UK100's findings are a timely reminder of how many people are exposed to the bad air when they are in their most vulnerable. The government must recognize that cities can not win the battle alone, and now we need to get more powers and funding to clean up our dirty air and protect future generations. "

Poll Billington, Director of the UK100, said:

"These figures show that air pollution is a national problem. Some of the most vulnerable groups of people, including young children and the elderly, will go to a doctor, often to help with respiratory events such as asthma and bronchitis, which shows the real risk of air pollution in We need urgent action by the government with the new Clean Air Act approved by the Parliament, which deals with toxic fumes. "

Head of the NHS England Department also supports calls to reduce air pollution. The cause of up to 20,200 respiratory and cardiovascular hospital admissions each year is air pollution a serious threat to the health of the nation. Previous scientific studies have raised the cost of health due to the depletion of cars and vans by 6 billion pounds.

Mr. Stevens also encourages NHS stakeholders across the country to take similar cross-sectoral cooperation with one successful East London system, which saw that Barts Health NHS trusts cooperation with local partners to address the effects of air pollution.

Simon Stevens, Managing Director of NHS England, added: "Air pollution causes thousands of hospital admissions and premature deaths every year, but doctors, nurses and therapists are treating health consequences." The NHS is also taking steps to tackle the problem at source. better use of the technology to help reach as many as 30 million outpatient patients – and the millions of hospital trips needed – are unnecessary.

"NAS has already cut carbon footprint by 11% between 2007 and 2015 and we are now working to reduce emissions from the NHS fleet by 20% by 2024 with a minimum of 90% of vehicles using low-emission engines.

"There have been estimated courageous actions to help avoid over 50,000 coronary heart disease and nearly 10,000 asthma by 2035. The UK100 Summit this week is an important opportunity to unite and focus on the next steps to ensure a happier and healthier future for everyone. "

According to the Royal College of Physicians (4), exposure to PM2.5 has been associated with the inclusion of asthma, heart disease, stroke and lung cancer, with evidence of low birth weight, diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.

Professor Dame Parveen Kumar, Chair of the BMA Science Committee, said:

"Poor air quality is a serious problem in many cities in the UK and has an adverse impact on the environment and the health of the population, including an annual up to 40,000 deaths." It is a shocking state that policy makers do not take this invisible killer seriously. to the evidence produced by the UK100 and will ensure that the forthcoming environmental law has legally enforceable air quality limits that comply with World Health Organization guidelines and provide local authorities with appropriate powers and funding to reduce air pollution.

Surprisingly, there are some of the most affected areas outside of London. The top 10 cleanest GP practices are located in Barrow in Furness, Lowestoft, Penzance, Ipswich and Portsmouth.

Birmingham has the largest number of patients in outpatient outpatient clinics, where almost half of patients are registered in areas that exceed the WHO air pollution limit. There are many neighborhoods in London, including Lambeth, Newham and Wandsworth.

London has by far the largest number – with 7.5 million patients participating in an operation that violates the WHO air pollution limit, representing three quarters of the GP population. Other regions with significant problems are the East Midlands with more than 2 million patients, eastern England with 2.5 million patients and the southeast with 2.3 million patients.

Regions with the majority of patients registered in GP practice who exceed the WHO air pollution limits for PM2,5 are:

According to the British Lung Foundation, which carried out part of the original research (3), patients attend surgical interventions located in areas with fine particulate matter (PM2,5) above the WHO limit (10 μg / m3 for the annual mean)). PM2.5 are small particles invisible to the naked eye that are small enough to pass through the lungs and enter the bloodstream. The current legal limits for PM2,5 are twice as high as those recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), and it is urgent to accept and meet as soon as possible the limitations of the WHO to protect and promote public health.

Dr. Penny Woods, Executive Director of the British Lung Foundation, said: "It is simply unacceptable that nearly 18 million people are breathing dangerous levels of air pollution in search of medical care from their GP. patients with cardiac and pulmonary problems – are most at risk of air pollution More needs to be done to maintain and safe health personnel The World Health Organization's limits on particle contamination should be included in the forthcoming Environmental Law to ensure that, to meet him. "

The data is based on a new UK100 data analysis published by the British Lung Foundation and the NHS Digital Database. (3,5)

Air pollution is one of the biggest killers in the UK where more people die of air pollution than diabetics and road deaths. According to the data issued by King's College London for the government, 36,000 people die prematurely every year from air pollution – the equivalent of the Redcar population. (6)

It is expected that the new summit will require new legislation and funding to enable mayors and local councils to deal with air pollution by a new Clean Air Act, to be scheduled later this year. Recommendations may include the creation of local clean air zones where the most polluting vehicles will be fined for entry scheduled in London and Manchester.

Other plans include funding for low-income families, small businesses and the NHS to replace older emission-polluting or electromobile vehicles.

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