Missoulian, November 28, at Montana, who needs to tear puppies:
When the Montana legislator reassembles in January, legislators will have a further break in the enforcement of measures to be passed years ago. This time, he must finally take steps to stop the gross animal husbandry.
Currently, Montana has little or no ability to regulate so-called Puppies – large-scale animal breeders whose inhumane practices often lead to unhealthy animals sold to unsuspecting buyers. It is sad that Western Montanani has witnessed in recent years, in one region after another, too many unscrupulous breeders who preferred profit over the care of their animals.
When it reaches the point where law enforcement authorities have to enter and take possession of animals, taxpayers are hooked to cover all the costs of feeding, housing and providing veterinary care.
The Montana Care Costs Act would provide taxpayers with some relief by requiring owners of confiscated animals to cover the cost of their care. The Montana Association of Counties recently adopted a resolution to support it.
However, if past legislative sessions are some indication, the draft is facing a difficult battle. And it only touches one side of this ubiquitous problem.
Lawmakers should gather compassion – if not for animals, then for their taxpayers – to pass this act. But they should also carefully consider banning those hideous breeding operations known as puppies, which would help reduce the cost of caring for animals captured by preventing animal abuse in the first place.
Senator Daniel Salomon R-Ronan has asked for a bill to deal with the cost issue, in the footsteps of Missoula, Tom Facey and Wilsall Senate Senate Nels Swandal, who proposed similar vouchers in previous sessions, their downing – along with previous efforts so that the breeders of large domestic animals are responsible. At the last meeting, both representatives of Willis Curdy, D-Missoula and Greg Hertz, R-Polson, were sensible accounts requiring commercial dogs and cats operating on a large scale to be licensed and subject to regular checks. Violators would be punished with fines, and persistent offenders were closed. Both accounts were killed in committee.
Any new accounts are likely to be met with the ongoing opposition of the Montana Stockgrowers Association no matter how many special exceptions are carved to assure its members that their industry will not be affected. Remember that most states already have similar laws, including cattle states like Texas.
Allowing bad breeders to stay in business is not only cruel, but also to all good breeders in Montana whose reputation should not be crippled by horrific stories of sick and starving cats, dogs, birds and horses. And extreme taxpayers would not have to come up with thousands of dollars to cover unexpected food and veterinary accounts for dozens of poorly treated animals.
The Montan Act currently allows a fine of up to $ 1,000 or imprisonment for up to one year, or both for punishment for cruel treatment of animals. But a fine of $ 1,000 would hardly cover daily care for dozens of animals that were removed from one operation.
Last year, Flathead County saved 37 dogs and four miniature horses from one property. One of the dogs had to be killed immediately, but the rest of the animals received the veterinary care they needed to recover at the Animalhead County.
A year ago, more than 120 animals – including donkeys, 53 poodles and 60 parakeets – were killed from a puppy suspicion in Lincoln County.
And a year ago, 130 dogs of small breeds from a puppy mill in Lake County were rescued.
It will continue – and Montanans will continue to pay – until our legislators have seriously stopped.
Bozeman Daily Chronicle, November 27, about George Keremedjevi and the American Museum of Computers:
When the American computer mogul was still in his formative stage at an earlier location from where he sits as to who should cross the threshold, but Neil Armstrong. George Keremedjev, who founded the museum with his wife Barbare, tried to see the first person who walked on the moon to see his growing collection of technological artifacts.
This is a type of visitor known to attract a museum.
George Keremedjev recently died of complications from heart surgery. Though he is gone, his contributions to preserving the history of the information age will live, as well as the link he leaves here in Bozeman. His museum has become a technofile draw all over the world. The bankers he held at George R. Stibitz's prizes attracted Apple fans Steve Wozniak and renowned biologist and author E.O. Wilson.
Much more than just the founder of a highly respected museum, Keremedjiev was a modern Renaissance man, with love for music and all scientific things. He came to the United States from Venezuela with his Russian parents born at the age of 10 and could not speak English, but he continued to complete a training course at his high school. He had a successful technical and training counseling store that gave him the freedom to live where he wanted. To our great happiness, Bozeman chose.
He did not allow his busy working life to interfere with his passion – the history of human communication. He searched tirelessly and got things from a page from Shakespeare's original folio to telegrams sent between Civil War generals to computers with the Apollo space navigation program.
More than just a tourist stop, today-named American Computer & Robotics Museum attracts scholars and industrial mogul of the digital age. The museum certainly played a role in attracting businesses and technology professionals to find and bring high-paid and clean industrial positions that are the future of Southwest Montana.
After the end of Keremedjeje, the museum remains closed for the remainder of this year. But those who have not yet experienced this jewel must visit again.
They will surely be glad they did.
Billings Gazette, November 25, to defend Montana against flu:
The Spanish influenza pandemic in 1918-1919 affected some 500 million people worldwide and killed up to 50 million, including 675,000 Americans. In the northern part of Montana there has been a serious respiratory illness and related pneumonia, which killed nearly 4,200 people between September 1918 and June 1919, including 254 in Yellowstone County, 63 in Rosewood and 118 in Custer.
The pandemic overwhelmed Billings's only hospital, St. Vincent. In October 1918, the Red Cross established an emergency hospital at Billings High School on the northern 30th Street and fourth class north to take care of dozens of worst cases.
"Medical science and public health have not been prepared to cope with a flood of morbidity and death," three public health experts in Montana wrote in a review of the pandemic myth in our statue in the Summer of 2018 in the Montana Magazine of Western History. Todd Harwell, Dr. Greg Holzman and Dr. Steven Helgerson noted that Montanans suffered many other infectious diseases in 1918, including 1,104 cases of smallpox, 179 cases of typhoid, 309 cases of diphtheria, and 12,086 cases of measles. Influenza reports were not even required after a pandemic attack.
Are we ready to prevent a pandemic?
A recent exercise at Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security has shown that a flu-like virus epidemic can kill 15 million Americans in one year, according to an article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Ron Klein also remarked that "it would take less than 24 hours for a virus like the 1918 flu to move from almost any place to the planet to Paris or Washington, Beijing, or Riyadh."
The threat of a pandemic remains, but medical science has more weapons against it:
– Anti-viral drugs.
– Strategic national stocks of flu vaccines and antiviral drugs that were rapidly distributed during a bad flu, such as the HINI epidemic in 2009.
"We have many benefits that they did not have at the time: World War I. I did not know what caused it, we have vaccines and antiviral drugs," said Harwell, head of the Department of Public Health and Safety at Montana, Helena. Harwell, Helgerson and Jim Murphy, chief of the Montana Communicable Disease Bureau, talked about flu prevention in a recent telephone interview with The Gazette.
The virulent influenza strain of 1918 hit young, otherwise healthy adults. By the time the authorities realized it was a problem, it was a pandemic – a huge worldwide contagion.
"One of the greatest things that is going on now is a worldwide network of monitoring," Murphy said. "We are working on a global scale to find out something new as soon as possible."
"Last year was a bad season," said Murphy with approximately 80,000 influenza-related deaths nationwide and 79 in Montana. "The tribes seem to be right." Since last week, 31 cases have been confirmed in 11 regions from Missoula to Roosevelt.
"The biggest thing on the horizon is developing and introducing a universal flu vaccine with better coverage for more tribes," Harwell said.
The vaccines are not perfect. One thing needs to be managed every year. The vaccine is grown in eggs, so production lasts about six months. Every year, scientists use data to estimate what flu strains will be around the October and March flu flu season. If the prognosis has proven wrong, the vaccine will be less effective and more people will be sick.
Access to the vaccine has improved in recent years, says Steven Helgerson, a former physician in Montana. Many employers now offer work against flu. Pharmacies offer flu shot. "We want to make it as pleasant as possible," Helgerson said.
For all research and knowledge gained over the past century, prevention is still being sold hard. Only half of Montanans receive annual flu vaccination, although vaccination is recommended for nearly all 6 months of age.
State and federal legislators must emphasize prevention. Excessive funding for research, development and disease prevention follows disasters and emergencies – despite the fact that lives and money could be spared by sufficient investment in public health and awareness.
One hundred years ago, many Leaders from Montana (and their counterparts nationwide) minimized or ignored the threat of influenza until people died. If history teaches us something, we should know that protecting people is the basic rule of our government. Legislators do not sell public health short.
Dear Reader Gazette, protect yourself by getting the flu. Protect everyone around you by often washing your hands, sneezing and coughing in your sleeve and staying home if you are ill.
As Helgerson said: "The ability to cooperate is the key to preventing modern flu epidemics."