The project, designed and promoted by the Center for Biomedical Research in the Area of Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Diseases (CIBERDEM), involves the participation of researchers and health centers throughout Spain. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008-2010 and involved more than 5,000 volunteers from across Spain aged 18 and over.
The work was coordinated by Gemma Rojo Martínez, CIBERDEM Group Leader and Researcher at the Malaga Regional Hospital and the IBIMA Institute for biomedical research. This has also determined the incidence of diabetes in Spain with subjects included in the original study after eight years of follow-up.
People who regularly consume dairy products are less likely to have diabetes, hypertension and related illnesses.
Director of the Department of Clinical Endocrinology and Nutrition of the Regional Hospital in Malaga, Gabriel Olveira, points out that the initial aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes in Spain, "But it also allowed us to study the prevalence of other risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle or diet."
"Because of hypertension data, we are thinking about the need to implement strategies to reduce their presence due to their predisposition to other pathological conditions associated with chronic cardiovascular disease, heart failure and cardiovascular death," explains Rojo, who points out that there were no documents related to the consumption of dairy products and the presence of these diseases.
This research has not only emphasized the link between dairy consumption and the best metabolic profile in the adult population, but also shows that women consume more milk, cheese or yoghurt than men, taking more dairy products as smoothies or ice cream.
"The results show the beneficial effect of eating dairy products in the presence of hypertension and obesity, which could contribute to better overall metabolic status and lower cardiovascular risk", says the expert.
Dairy products are part of healthy nutrition, they provide high biological value proteins, vitamin B12 and are the most important source of calcium in the diet. Yoghurt and many kinds of cheeses have low lactose levels, so they would be indicated in lactose-labile people.
"Although fats in dairy products are mostly saturated, they are currently discussing their role in chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension and obesity.", explains Gabriel Olveira. "In a healthy population, receiving 2-4 servings of dairy products gets into a healthy diet, even if they are not defatted, although they should not be sweet. For people who are overweight, obese or have elevated lipids, we recommend using them in their semi- defatted or defatted version ", he adds.