Debate of countries banning Huawei, the world's second-largest cell phone maker

Huawei continues to accumulate bans in different countries.

New Zealand this Wednesday has become the last country blocks the proposal to use telecommunication equipment manufactured by Chinese company Huawei due to concerns about national security.

Spark, a telecommunications company, wanted to use Huawei on its 5G mobile network in New Zealand, but the government's security agency said the deal would pose a significant risk.

This step is part of growing pressure against Chinese technology companies' involvement in security matters.

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What are the concerns?

Several governments do not trust Chinese technology because They are afraid that Beijing will make companies like Huawei to help them authorities to gain access to industrial secrets and other confidential information,

Huawei phone.
Huawei and ZTE pose a high risk of espionage, some experts warn.

In particular, there are concerns about the danger of espionage by China, says some experts.

Tom Uren, a visiting member of the International Center for Cyber ​​Policy at the Institute of Strategic Policy of Australia, said the Chinese government "has clearly demonstrated the intention to steal information for many years."

"The Chinese state has been involved in a large number of types of espionage, including cybernetics and theft of intellectual property," he said.

Close links between business and government also raised concerns China may try to "use state-interconnected companies to allow its espionage operations," Uren added.

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These concerns have been aggravated by the new laws introduced last year that require Chinese organizations to cooperate on national intelligence services.

The combination of these laws and the backdrop of espionage has increased the dangers perceived by the country as a society Huawei and ZTE in a critical national infrastructure.

"It's hard to say they do not pose a high risk," Uren added.

Why now?

Huawei defends when he says it's an independent society.

5G networks are being built in several countries, and this technology will be another important wave of mobile infrastructure.

And since Huawei is the world's largest telecom equipment manufacturer, Spark New Zealand, the telecommunications company, has planned to use Huawei technology in its 5G network.

But the New Zealand Government's Communications Security Authority (GCSB) told Spark that the " would increase significant national security risks"He explained the company.

New Zealand intelligence minister Andrew Little said that Spark can work with the agency to reduce this risk.

Huawei said, "As the GCSB has pointed out, it is a continuous process, we will deal with all the concerns and work together to find the right way."

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Which countries banned Huawei?

New Zealand's decision to block Huawei for national security reasons is not isolated.

Australia did the same with Huawei and ZTE for the same reason, they did not provide 5G technology to the country's wireless networks.

On the other hand, Huawei defended her independence and said it was a private company. He also proposed building an "assessment and testing center" in which his Australian government can review his 5G team.

  • Why Australia banned operations of Huawei, the world's largest mobile phone maker

At the beginning of this year, United States of America announced restrictions to Huawei and ZTE to bid for contracts in their territory and later forbid government or military officials to use phones from these Chinese companies.

Last week a newspaper The Wall Street Journal that the US government was trying to convince wireless service providers to avoid using Huawei devices.

New Zealand was the last country to block Huawei for national security reasons.

On the other hand, in United Kingdom The government says it is still working with Huawei.

"This government and UK telecom operators are working with Huawei both at home and abroad to ensure that the UK can continue to benefit from new technology and at the same time manage the risks of cyber-security security," said BBC spokesman BBC.

But the Security Committee warned that it was "Limited Warranty" that China's telecommunication equipment does not pose a threat to national security.

Canada He is also conducting safety tests from 2013 on a telecommunications device sold in China by Chinese giant Huawei.

Similarly, the company was ranked Germany, Japan and Korea from the south,

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But there is only one country that is on Huawei's side: Papua New Guinea

Pacific countries said this week will continue with an agreement that Huawei will build an Internet infrastructure.

The country has significantly increased Chinese investment over the past ten years.

Since its establishment in 1987, Huawei has become one of the leading suppliers of telecommunication equipment worldwide.

The company has approximately 180,000 employees and operates in 170 countries and regions according to its website.

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