The UN said on Thursday that patent applications for innovation based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) they have increased exponentially in recent years, and more than half are registered until 2013.
According to new World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) data, this recent massive increase suggests that these technologies have taken a huge step beyond the strictly theoretical scope.
"Since 2013 there has been a large" quantum leap ""WIPO Director-General Francis Gurry told reporters in Geneva.
"Patenting in Artificial Intelligence is progressing at a rapid pace, which is expected to create a very significant number of new AI-based products, applications and techniques that will change everyday work and determine how we relate to the machines we believe, "he added in his statement.
Artificial Intelligence is a key element of many computer products that produce leading companies and institutions in the United States, Japan and China, which includes mobile phones, wireless speakers, and cars without a driver. Artificial intelligence can also be used in applications for military and health purposes, among others.
In this first report, entitled "Technology Trends," WIPO states that since the terminology was issued in 1956, 340,000 patent applications have been filed on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and more than half of them have been filed since 2013. Similarly, approximately 1 , 6 million articles.
This study is based on data from 2016, but Gurry states that there is no reason to believe that this astronomical increase in these applications has not been sustained ever since. "I doubt it is shrinking", he said.
A senior UN official stressed that it is not at WIPO to assess whether these new technologies are good or bad, because the agency's job is to provide as much empirical data as possible to provide "inputs" with important and necessary discussions about AI and its social implications.
"The consequences of AI for the future of human development are far-reaching. The first step to maximizing the widespread benefits of AI and addressing ethical, legal and regulatory issues is to create a common basis for understanding artificial intelligence," Gurry said.
Adding: "By presenting the first WIPO study of" Technology Trends "(…), it provides projections based on empirical data, thus contributing to the formulation of global policies on the future of AI, its governance and the IP on which it is based," adds the CEO.
According to the UN study, patent applications for AI represent approximately 0.6% of all, but this percentage is expected to increase.
The same report also reveals that 26 of the 30 leading AI patent applicants are businesses, the other four are universities or public research organizations.
IBM had the largest portfolio of patent applications in the AI area, with 8 290 at the end of 2016, followed by Microsoft with 5 930. They are the following Toshiba (5,223), Samsung (5.102) a NEC (4,406).
As far as China is concerned, it has 17 of the 20 best universities that have filed patent applications in the AI field and 10 of the 20 scientific publications related to it.
Among the major advances IA WIPO emphasizes: "Machine learning, especially neural networks that have revolutionized machine translation, is the main AI technique described in the patent and is part of more than a third of all the inventions announced."