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The Montessori Method: How Education is Adopted by Amazon, Google, and Wikipedia – BBC News



When one is successful and his money is counted in millions, it is difficult to go unnoticed.

Many details of his life are publicly exposed. And if someone does not know each other, many people try to discover him by watching his career for findkeys to your success.

Perhaps it is just a coincidence, but what if the detail becomes a common denominator among several successful people?

Let's look at the richest person on the planet that is currently American Jeff Bezos s wealth in value $ 140 billion, according to Forbes.

He owns 16% of the Amazon Amazon's electronic business giant, which he founded in Seattle in 1994, and has become a marketed success.

Sergey Brin and Larry Page, On the other hand, there are two other entrepreneurs who knew how to shape their creativity to create an internet search engine for excellence: Google.

They are also among the people with the most money on the planet, in positions 12 and 13, respectively. The fortune both joined exceeds $ 96,000 million.

Sergey Brin and Larry Page
"Part of the training of noncompliance with our commands and rules has motivated us to think about what's going on in the world and think things differently," said Larry Page, of Google, of the adopted education.

Other creative and successful entrepreneurs are Jimmy Wales, Founder of Wikipedia; O Will Wright, video game designer and creator of the famous SimCity.

We find another very different sectorBeyoncé, an artist who knew how to charm the public by becoming a musical star and feminist reference. She is one of the highest paid women in the industry after getting $ 60 million in the Forbes list in 2018.

And to conclude this personality review, we will also quote the late Nobel Prize for Literature, Colombian Gabriel García Márquez.

Although it does not seem to be all, they will agree on something. In what?

In which, from very small, studied under the same system: the Montessori method.

What is the Montessori method?

Child in class at Montessori school.
Experimenting and exploration is one of the Montessori methods.

It is a learning process founded by an Italian scientist and pedagogue Seaandto Montessori (1870-1952), which emphasizes the collaborative environment where there are no marks or exams.

In addition, classrooms are made up of students of different ages who oscillate mainly between 2 and 7 to 7 (although there are programs up to 18 years of age), where learning and discovery is individual to each student and it's been happening for a long time.

"Our main concern should be the education of humanity, the human beings of all nations, in order to promote common goals," he says on his website at Montessori International Association (AMI, its abbreviation in Italian).

"We have to make our child our primary concern, the efforts of science must concentrate on him, because he is the source and key of the mysteries of humanity ", he adds.

"What stands out in Montessori's education Individual development of people. It does not create a teacher-oriented system but the development of an individual's needs. And it's not just academic but also physical, social and emotional, "says Scott Akridge, owner of the Riverstone Montessori Academy in Georgia, USA.

Two children on the floor play.
Collaboration is one of the keys to the Montessori method.

This is, as their supporters emphasize, a skills-based system.

"Not only do we teach academically, but also teach entrepreneurial skills. powerful featuresto focus, organize, plan, start tasks and focus on them, manage emotions and introspection, "explains Akridge BBC World.

"That's why the Montessori graduates have become great leaders:because all the executive functions to be successful have been taught in pre-school and primary education, " add

Currently, it is estimated that there are 25,000 Montessori schools around the world, although AMI recognizes that it is very difficult to count them because institutions are not required to register.

First person

When he was just two years old, Jeff Bezos visited Montessori School in Albuquerque in the United States for about a year and a half.

"It's amazing," Jeff Bezos said Montessori Life in the year 2000. "What a good program it was",

Maria Montessori with children on the floor.
Maria Montessori (pictured) realized the importance of sensory stimulation and manual development for children.

"Intuitively, I think it was a very formative experience that I went to these classes in this environment and was stimulated from a very young age," analyzed Bezos about his time at Montessori School.

Last September, Bezos created a $ 2 billion charity fund to help homeless people and create a new network schools inspired It is method educational,

Google's founders have also highlighted the importance of primary education they have gained in order to achieve their success.

"We both went to Montessori school and I think so part ofl training for non-compliance with orders and rules motivated us to think what is happening in the world and to think things differently"Larry Page said in an interview with the American network ABC in 2004.

Even Gabriel García Márquez was another Montessori former student, which he stressed in his biographical stories "Vivir para contarla".

"I do not think there is a better method than Montessori to make children more aware of the beauty of the world and awakening curiosity about the mystery of life " he wrote.

"It is sad that successful entrepreneurs who studied at Montessori talk about their initial education when they asked how they were what they are," says Akridge.

Child with hands decorated.
Some criticize the Montessori method for its informality compared to traditional education.

"When we talk about Montessori's success, it is sometimes difficult because our method is only primary, so there is a gap because people leave school [hasta que comienzan a trabajar], For this purpose, Surprisingly, millionaires are meeting it"says BBC Mundo.

Review

But not all the comments are positive when we talk about the Montessori method.

Some critics believe the atmosphere in the class is too free, question of Montessori's learning priorities or the fact that children normally Do not use homework at home.

There are also those who criticize the fact that students have the freedom to choose what they are studying because they believe that it will cause some of them not to control some important areas in the future.

María Montessori in 1949.
María Montessori was nominated three times for the Nobel Peace Prize for her work in the field of education.

Because there are no formal exams, there are those who are afraid of it lack of structure leaves the child at a disadvantage at the time of transition between the Montessori School and the traditional school, according to the Concordia University article in Oregon, United States.

"The latest research in the field of education reflects what we do in terms of success, such as: mixing age at school, providing less homework, focusing on the emotional needs of a child …" Akridge says.

"All, we do it for 100 years ", he says.

The truth is that in a study published in 2017 in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, researchers surveyed about 70 Montessori students at the beginning of kindergarten in the United States and 70 from the traditional school.

Everyone started studying with similar results.

In the next three years, 70 children from Montessori received better math and literacy results. At the end of pre-school education, Montessori students had a significantly higher performance in these areas.

Solving Group Problems, Powerful Functions, and Creativity in both groups there were no significant differences.

Montessori School in Amsterdam.
"Criticism has no basis, it's just because we are different," says Scott Akridge, owner of the Riverstone Montessori Academy in Georgia in the United States.

However, another 2017 study published in the journal Nature he stressed there is no evidence of results for students Montessori suggests larger success

Research from the Department of Psychology and Human Development University College in London, UK, analyzed the research conducted in the education system and stressed that "there are no individual elements of the Montessori method that could explain some of the positive effects they say they will findwithe "for students.

It is clear that measuring success is very difficult. And to attribute that early education, as is the case with several successful millionaires, is also.

"Success story las people business is theirs"If they attribute it to their Montessori education, it's also their decision," said BBC Mundo from the Montessori International Association.

"They are all entrepreneurs inspired by technology and, in this sense, their mind is, of course, curious, curious and driven by the desire to appear"they conclude.


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