2018-11-30 03:12:44 Source: Beijing Youth Daily
The change is only quiet
Understanding China through television
Since the 1980s, television has replaced radio and film and has become the most popular form of media. In 1983, the government began a "four-level television", where the first-level administrative authority and the first television stations emerged. New media in the 1980s became a new party and country aide. Despite the decline in the impact of mobile TV in recent years with the growth of mobile internet, there is no doubt that the first decade of the eighties in the new century is "thirty years of gold" television media. Changes in Chinese society can be seen through television.
Television is a medium that is closely related to family space. In the West, after the Second World War, with the rise of the middle class and the suburbanization of television, television entered thousands of households and replaced the fireplace in the living room of the Western family, which occupied the most important position. . In the 1950s, China from the Soviet Union learned television production and broadcasting technology; in 1958 a TV station in Beijing was established, which became China's first television station and CCTV's predecessor. After television has become a mass media, it has two sides: on the one hand it is considered to be high-tech, which educates people and spreads new knowledge. It's an "electronic clairvoyant eye" that can transmit images over long distances, on the other hand, it is a brainwashing tool for entertainment and paralysis. The principal killer of fun to death. The real popularity of television in China is a social process that, after reform and opening, has been separated from a unified collective from a system of contractual responsibility.
Television in the 1980s was not only used as official media, but became the main medium with the most credibility and authority. More importantly, TV culture at that time served as a function of the transition from revolutionary culture to mass culture. TV drama and popular music from the United States, Japan and other countries in Hong Kong and Taiwan are spreading through onshore television, making Jin Yong martial drama, romantic drama Qiong Yao, and American police drama popular in the form of literature and art. Compared to revolutionary literature and arts, which is too politicized and emphasizes "collective ethics," mass culture is characterized by individualism, commodification, consumer policy and urban culture.
At the same time, the country's own popular television culture, such as "The Way to the West" (1986), "Dream of Red Mansions" (1987), and four other famous works began to adapt to TV series. These TV drama still seem to be sophisticated, not only drama adaptation is true to the original or creative use of a new television medium to show the spirit of classical literature, but also the performance of acting is excellent in line with character characteristics. This concerns the simple "craft spirit" of the production team at that time, and it also relates to the regime of cultural management within the planned economic system. It is a pre-commercial art product and a star.
At the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, Wang Wei played the role of cultural traders and actively participated in the production of popular cultural industries such as Wang Wei, Wei Ren, Mo Yan, Hai Yan, Su Tong and Liu. Heng, Liu Zhenyun, Ma Weidu and others formed the "Hai Ma Film and Television Creation Center" (1988), specializing in the sale of screenplays, such as the TV series "Hunger" (1990), "The Story of the Editorial Department" ), "Huangcheng Gener" (1992) and so on are related to the creation of this group. Wang Wei talked about the process of creating "hunger" in an article on mass culture, just to realize that television drama is a very typified and modeled production that is very different from the writing of personal writers. Industrial organization and industrial production, it is a typical feature of popular culture.