Update: 20.11.2018 17:27
Vydáno: 20.11.2018, 16:46
Prague – About 90 people die annually, due to infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, according to experts. According to a survey of pharmacies, one to one half of antibiotics doctors in the hospitals are prescribed poorly, some of them are misused. Information today was heard at a press conference on the European Antibiotic Week. Czechs consume around 15 million packs of antibiotics a year.
"The data from the State Institute for Drug Control show that doctors are too often choosing broad spectrum antibiotics, patients are unnecessarily exposed to adverse effects and antibiotic resistance increases," said Michal Prokeš of the Central Antibiotic Coordination Group. According to experts, doctors, unlike some other countries, do not have feedback if they prescribe antibiotics correctly.
A major problem is antibiotic resistance of bacteria for treatment in hospitals. According to the head of the National Reference Laboratory for antibiotics Helena Žemličková, up to three quarters of bacteria in treatment hospitals are resistant. Over the last ten years, the number of these infections has increased almost twice. According to the estimates quoted by Prokš, 486 people died in the Czech Republic in 2015 due to these infections.
According to Michal Trojanek of the Department of Infectious Diseases of the Institute of Postgraduate Health Education, 20 to 50 percent of antibiotics in hospitals are currently prescribed poorly. "The basic problem is that doctors do not treat antibiotics as important drugs," he said. It differs according to its effect on living microorganisms that are extremely dynamic. If antibiotics destroy only some bacteria, only those with resistance genes will continue to spread.
According to a survey of the Czech Pharmacy Chamber, which has been performing for the ninth week of the European Antibiotic Week, more than 11 percent of adults do not take antibiotics for the prescribed period, and almost every tenth keep unused antibiotics for potential needs. A fifth of parents believe that antibiotics in children accelerate recovery from colds, and almost a quarter thinks the physician's treatment is inadequate if they do not prescribe medication for the cold, but recommends only regimens.