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For over 46 years he was not a man on the moon. Meet the 12 astronauts who walked through it – VTM.cz



The date of July 20, 1969 entered history as a day when man first landed on the moon. So far, he is the only cosmic body outside the Earth on which a human foot has entered. Although preparations are currently underway for the expedition to Mars, the sad fact is that the last person walked on a surface other than the Earth's surface nearly 47 years ago.

A total of seven crews were sent to the Moon and only twelve cosmonauts walked along its surface. However, further plans to visit our space companion have wiped out cuts in NASA's budgets that came in the 1970s. Let's imagine a dozen of those who have the chance to look at our planet from the moon.

Apollo 11

The unambiguous primacy belongs to the crew consisting of the commander Neil A. Armstrong, pilot of the command module Michael Collins and the Lunar Module Pilot Edwin "Buzz" E. Aldrin. Apollo 11 brought the Saturn V rocket from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 16, 1969.

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Apollo 11 Crew (from left: Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin)

The spacecraft had three parts: a command module with a cabin for three astronauts and a section that returned to Earth; a service module that supported the main module by power, power, oxygen, and water; and a lunar module designed to land on the moon and return astronauts to orbit.

After three days of flight, Apollo 11 entered the Moon's orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved to the Eagle module, with which they landed successfully in Sea of ​​Peace. The preparation for the climb lasted longer than originally planned – three and a half hours instead of two. While on Earth, all the necessities were clearly arranged, there were a number of other things in the module's cabin – such as food packages and tools.

The output was transmitted by television, so viewers could watch live on the first two people on the moon. Six and a half hours after landing, Neil A. Armstrong made the first move and said a memorable sentence: "It's a small step for a man, a huge leap for mankind."

Then Armstrong took samples on the surface that he hid in his suit suit pocket. The astronauts then devoted themselves to photography and tried to move on the lunar surface, where the sixth of gravity is compared to Earth.

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Neil Armstrong

The astronauts then took more rock samples with blades and tongs with an extended handle. However, many activities took longer than expected, so the collection of materials was completed in half the time. Even so, we managed to get about twenty kilograms of rocks that were later identified as basalt and breccia. In addition, three new minerals have been discovered: armalcolit, tranquillityite, and pyroxferroit.

Total Armstrong and Aldrin spent on the Moon 2 hours, 31 minutes 40 seconds. Then they returned to the lunar return module, started, and climbed into orbit, where they successfully teamed up with the command module, where Collins was waiting all the time. On July 24, astronauts landed in the Pacific Ocean, where they were evacuated by a helicopter to an aircraft carrier.


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