Every spring and autumn we have a one hour shift. The same is true in 2019:
- Daylight saving time in 2019 will begin on the night of March 31st. The clock moves one hour forward from 2:00 to 3:00.
- Standard (incorrectly winter) time in 2019 occurs on the night of October 27th. The clock moves from 3:00 to 2:00.
The standard time is the time in winter. So the term "winter time" is not entirely accurate, we should call it standard or normal time.
Summer time is a special time that deserves a seasonal label. The real winter time, ie seasonally shifted in the winter compared to the standard time, also existed briefly in our country only in 1946. That year the difference between summer and winter time was two hours.
But it seems that the change of time in the European Union will end. Last year, a survey was conducted in which 84% of the 4.6 million respondents said they were relieved. The European Commission has therefore sent a proposal to the European Parliament and the Council to annul it. He could then pay one time all year long, and it would probably be the summer, based on a public survey.
Why is the time changing?
Time alternation has been introduced primarily to save electricity. Due to the shift, daylight is available for longer during normal daily human activity and therefore the need to shine with artificial light is reduced. This adaptation has a positive effect on the human psyche and its biological rhythm, but the process of shifting time itself manifests itself negatively.
Summer time was first introduced during the First World War. Electricity was expensive and scarce at that time, and when the sun was shining later in the evening, it was reached significant energy savings.
Daylight saving time applies throughout the European Union and other countries around the world, including the United States and Canada. In the European Union, the change of time is harmonized and is in place in all countries on the same day, always last Sunday in March and October.
In other countries of the world, time change dates are different, for example, in the US, summer time begins a little earlier and ends later than in Europe. It is interesting to note that the change of time also takes place in the Earth's southern hemisphere, but vice versa. During the winter season they have a summer there.
Interesting point: When time does not differ by an hour
Daylight Saving Time brings confusion into time zone orientation. Fortunately, it is an hour shift. But do you know there are areas in the world where time shifts only by its fractions?
For example, Indian Standard Time applies throughout India. It is shifted by 5 hours compared to the UTC time and 30 minutes. And what about Australia! When it is on the west 8.00, towards the east the watch gradually shows: 8.45, 9.30, 10.00, 10.30.
Similarly, time is shifting in Iran, Afghanistan, North Korea, Sri Lanka, Newfoundland, Canada for half an hour. In 2016, Venezuela moved its time 30 minutes back. Here it was for energy reasons.
In the territory of today's Czech Republic, summer time began for the first time under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but later it was abolished and then re-established for a few years. Last time the summer time was introduced in 1979 within the former Czechoslovakia, and since then it has been held to this day.
Canceling Daylight Saving Time
Nowadays, the energy reasons for changing time are already questionable. Lighting now accounts for only a minor part of energy consumption and the schedule for electricity consumption varies considerably from a century ago. Energetics (including Czechs) claim that the change in time has virtually no effect on electricity consumption.
In addition to losing energy considerations, there are other arguments as to why the summer time should be abandoned. One of them is the impact of a step change of time on a person, to whom health problems can cause. Statistically, the change in time is manifested, for example, by the fact that traffic accidents always increase shortly after the time change.
The European Commission voted for citizens to keep their summer time during the holidays. And how did it go?
We have "argued" about Dueling or maintaining the time rotation:
Tip: Why is the time changing? Critics: Time change has a negative effect on humans