Women may soon be able to perform urine analysis to detect cervical cancer rather than the current test, which in some of them causes anxiety or embarrassment.
The current test involves cervical screening, which some women fear for various reasons.
The experimental study concluded that urine analysis is comparable to a cervical screening test in the discovery of a virus known as HPV, which is one of the major risk factors for cancer.
Wider studies are needed, but scientists say the urine test radically changes cervical cancer detection.
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The screening test prevents 75% of cervical cancer cases and is therefore effective despite the inconvenience and discomfort associated with it.
A screening test can monitor abnormal cell changes at an early stage prior to cancer development.
Researchers at the University of Manchester, UK, said urine analysis would be another analysis.
The researchers asked 104 women who performed laparoscopy in endoscopic medical centers to analyze urine.
According to analysis in the BMJOpen journal, the use of urine analysis to detect cancer was as effective as traditional HPV scanning.
"We are excited about this study, which we believe can increase participation in cervical cancer screening," said Emma Crosby, lead author of the study.
"Testing campaigns have helped women participate in cervical cancer screening," she said.
"Unfortunately, the results are not permanent and participation rates are declining after a while, we definitely need a more sustainable solution," she said.
She said that a broader study was needed before UK health authorities relied on urine analysis as a cervical cancer screening test.
"It is important to find ways to examine women's physical avoidance tests," said Athena Lemnisos of the Yves Abel Foundation.
"For women who have been circumcised or have been sexually assaulted or have a vaginal congestion, the use of methods that do not require internal research or publication may represent a radical change in the demand for tests," she said.