In the last three months, 50 cases of HIV have appeared in Larkana, Ratark, who have been ringing a medical emergency in Sindh. Most of the disabled are children. According to the local news source, children aged between eight months and five are children.
Approximately 13 children have been diagnosed in the last 17 days. Doctors in this area are concerned about the situation, while stressing that people are unable to benefit from high-quality health care services because of poverty.
HIV is also recognized as a health problem in Pakistan with a growing number of cases. Slightly high drug use and a lack of consent to illegitimate sex in society have made it possible for the HIV epidemic to take hold in Pakistan, especially among IDUs, men, women and transvestites (MSW, FSW and TSW) as well as repatriated migrant workers. HIV infection can lead to AIDS, which can become a major health problem.
Pakistan is the second largest country in South Asia, just a few steps behind India and Nepal in terms of the HIV epidemic
A National AIDS Control Program (NACP) was established in Pakistan in 1986-87, focusing on the diagnosis of cases that came to hospitals, but gradually began to move towards community focus. Since then, various governments of Pakistan have maintained a lasting response to the HIV epidemic through close cooperation between NACP, provincial and AJK AIDS control programs, UN agencies, bilateral and multilateral donors, a consortium of NGOs and civil society organizations (CSOs), and People Living with HIV / AIDS (PLHIV) representative organizations active at national and provincial level.
Pakistan is the second largest country in South Asia, just a few steps behind India and Nepal in terms of the HIV epidemic. Despite many efforts, HIV infection rates have increased significantly over the past few years, and in fact, the country has shifted from low prevalence to a concentrated epidemic with HIV prevalence of over five percent among injecting drug users in at least eight major cities.
Other high-risk groups such as men with male sexual intercourse (MSM), hijra sex workers and female workers (FSW) can reach this threshold. Many bridged populations, a total of nearly five million people, are in direct sexual contact with these groups and are exposed to HIV infection through unprotected sexual activity. The heterogeneity and interdependence of high-risk injecting and sexual behavior combined with low HIV knowledge and prevention and high levels of other sexually transmitted infections show that HIV could rapidly spread to spouses or sexual clients and lead to an overall epidemic. .
Approximately 50 cases of HIV positive were detected within three months in Ratodero, Larkana, with an increased number of children. The pathologist who leads the Primary Health Initiative in Jacobobas revealed a source of news that blood samples from 16 children for HIV testing were sent to PPHI Sindh and 13 children tested HIV positive. These children are between eight months and five years old. Sindh Aids Control Program Resources reported that tests for HIV positive children and their parents will be re-conducted.
Often these laboratories use kits from China that have a mechanism that gives false positive results. The World Health Organization (WHO) will be used to verify these results.
More than 100,000 HIV-positive people were estimated to be in Sindh; However, the AIDS control program has only 10,350 registered patients receiving treatment.
Another source of news revealed that 15 to 20 positive cases were detected in private clinics over the past three months in Ratoder. It has also been reported that 20 HIV-positive people have recently died. The source says the use of HIV-infected syringes is a major cause of infections among children.
Officials say the HIV epidemic in Pakistan remains largely concentrated among key populations, including people who inject drugs, transgender communities, sex workers and their clients, and men who have sex with men.
There is no HIV vaccine or drug, and infected people rely on lifetime antiretroviral therapy to stop virus replication. Without treatment, HIV-infected people develop AIDS, a syndrome that weakens the immune system and leaves the body exposed to opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis and some cancers. Treatment has side effects and is costly, but allows infected people to be healthier for longer. The medical department should take emergency measures to prohibit the use of unnecessary injections and be removed from clinics and hospitals.
The writer is a retired doctor of the Sindh Health Department