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Sudan's ruined ruler receives support from rival autocrats as anti-government protests



The autocrats, even those who are in the neighborhood, have come to the aid of the Sudanese ruler, Omar al-Bashir, after a month and a half of ongoing anti-government protests brought about by bread prices and decades of corruption and repression.

The United Arab Emirates, which bankrolled the anti-revolution in Egypt in 2013 and supported dictators in the Middle East, provided loans of £ 300 million and more than 1.12 million tons of fuel to support the Bashir regime.

Analysis of travel documents, security service of Ukraine she announced last week that Russia is sending out to Sudan the dispatching of its military intelligence agency GRU, while activists have accused the mercenary of the Kremlin Wagner contractor of being involved in the intervention.

In recent days, Mr. Bashir has visited Qatar and Egypt, and is expected to travel to Kuwait and win a bid for diplomatic and financial support for his 30-year government. Saudi Arabia and Turkey, as well as Russia, have offered a regime of diplomatic and financial support, which is being questioned by peaceful demonstrators that reflect the democratic aspirations of the 2011 Arab Spring rising and demand that Mr Bashir step down.

On Tuesday afternoon, more anti-government demonstrations planned in Khartoum and other cities were expected in Sudan. The day was called "martyrs march", marking the 14th anniversary of the demonstrators' massacre in Port Sudan

Sudanese men shout slogans during an anti-government protest on January 18 (AFP / Getty Images)

He spoke with Egyptian President Abdul Fatto el-Sisi during a recent visit to Cairo, Mr Bashir was defiant, blamed unnamed parties, the press, and social media for destabilizing his country.

"We do not say there is no problem, but it is not the size or dimensions of some media," he quoted: "This is an attempt to copy the Arab Spring in Sudan, which is the same slogan and appeal, and the wide use of social media."

Sudan had a complicated relationship with regional leaders and has been linked to Iran for many years. In recent years, however, it has improved ties with Saudi Arabia, especially after dispatching military personnel to help with efforts against Yemen.

"Arab leaders are not sure what they want to see in Sudan, but what they do not want to see is anarchy on their doorstep," said Ahmed Soliman, Sudanese and Horn of Africa expert at Chatham House.

"They are more comfortable with the military regime than with the uncertainty of what will follow in any transitional period in Sudan."

Demonstrators march against Khartoum government rally (Reuters)

Many democratic advocates hoped that the 2011 Arab Spring uprising would weaken the political class in the region and weaken a certain degree of pluralism in political systems controlled by military dictators and absolute monarchs during the second half of the 20th century.

But the expanded support for Mr Bashir is the last sign that the informal brotherhood of autocratic and hereditary rulers in the Middle East has knocked hatches against any democratic movement. The rulers are very aware that the original uprising of the Arab Spring was inspired by the lunar uprising that overthrew the leader of Tunisia, which as Sudan rests on the political and geographical edge of the Arab world and is determined to prevent repetition.

Extensive regional speeches of Mr Bashir's support come despite the overlapping layers of hostilities in the Middle East. Egypt and Sudan remain in conflict with the use of the Nile River. Turkey and Qatar form an informal axis on the opposite side of a number of regional issues for Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Russia is distrustful, despite the reluctance of all the countries of the region.

"It is a reflection of Sudan, which has tried to offset regional alliances at a time of increased tension in the region," said Mr. Soliman. "It shows that Bashir was able to balance these relationships when it is difficult."

Qatar, who last year signed a $ 4 billion revenue agreement on the Red Sea Port in Suakin, hosted Mr. Bashir last week to meet with the ruler Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani in Doha to discuss the "current economic crisis has experienced Sudan and Sudan's efforts to break free from the crisis and the roles of brothers in general and especially Qatar to help Sudan, "said Sudanese Foreign Minister Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed.

Saudi Arabia also offered an unspecified amount of cash. Saudi Minister of Commerce and Investment Majid Al-Qasabi traveled to Khartoum last week to publicly assure that Riyadh "will not hesitate to support Sudan at any time."

Sudan has been deprived of a great deal of oil wealth when Sudanese Sudan in 2011 after a decade of civil war has separated.

Russia and Turkey offered assistance that includes fuel and wheat. Reuters announced that the Sudanese Oil Minister Azhari Abdel Qader said in connection with Russian and Turkish aid: "We have accepted this as a normal affair among friendly countries in the light of the current circumstances in Sudan."


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