Each country's view is divided on whether to strictly control an autonomous system of deadly weapons (LAWS) called the "killer robot". Although the United Nations European Headquarters has been discussed under the CCW Convention, activists even doubted whether the UN would be the appropriate forum for the invisible development of the end point.
Mary Wareham of Human Rights WatchTo other pagesThere can be no resistance to the results of the weekly debate held at the United Nations European Headquarters.
"Stop and kill the robotic campaignTo other pages"I'm pretty upset," he said, who also serves as coordinator. He said, "Where is the diplomacy, responsibility and leadership of a great country?"
The results were very frustrating.
"The CCW (regulating the murder robot in the framework) was one of the government's unscrupulous NGOs who took meaningful action against LAWS legislation, but now it is a controversy. year or two.
Since 2014, diplomats, disarmament experts and CCW activists have been discussing six times the ethical and legal issues of murder robots, operational, security and technical issues. I met.
There is no autonomous weapon yet. However, activists warn that rapid technological development and artificial intelligence, etc., can cause autonomous weapons to be deployed within a few years.
It is reported that more than 380 partially autonomous weapons and military robotic systems (tanks equipped with AI, tanks, aircraft, warships, etc.) are deployed and developed in 12 countries including China, France, Israel, the United Kingdom, Russia and the United States. There is.
On the other hand, Japan and several other countries have promised not to acquire and develop autonomous weapons. Most countries support the adoption of international law that has decided to ban or regulate autonomous weapons.
The 28 countries in the world and the "Stop and Murder Robot" campaign hope for an agreement that will prevent future possession and development of weapons, including murder robots. Some people say that important functions require strict regulations that define the "man-driven" principle.
Critics point out that LEGISLATION has a fundamental ethical problem when it comes to transferring key decisions to the machine and where that responsibility lies. More autonomous drones, missiles, defense systems, and other tanks will lead to more cyber attacks attacking them.
The United States, Russia, Israel, South Korea, etc. are, however, strongly opposed to these restrictions. LAWS followers argue that the LAWS makes war more humanitarian. Laws state that the choice of goal and exclusion is more accurate than human beings, not influenced by emotions such as fear and revenge, and that civilian death is also limited.
Mr. Wareham says, "Here, the views are divided into two between" do something "and" do nothing ". If the CCW results in a committee or a weak statement with no legal impact, then we don't think people are happy. "
Ipsos Research SocietyTo other pagesIn a survey published in January, 61% of respondents from 26 countries were against LAWS.
Activists think that the CCW with several "militarily important states" should end endless debates and breaks. A total of 100 NGOs in 54 countries address this issue to the UN General Assembly in New York. This is supported by Antonio Guterres.
Activists want to reach an agreement by November to set up a negotiating group to create an international ban treaty, not a non-binding statement. If this fails, we will consider independent processes outside the UN, as in the Ottawa Treaty and the Oslo Treaty (Cluster Bomb Treaty).
Swiss attitude towards a murderous robot
Switzerland is skeptical about the ban on backup. On the other hand, in view of the current situation, we agree to propose to prevent the use of LAWS laws that could violate international law by laying down regulations as necessary. In 2017, Switzerland called "an approach to compliance in an autonomous weapon systemTo other pagesGive a message called In this report I again touched on the importance of international law.
The Federal Cabinet of Switzerland called for a ban on LAWS at international level in 2017To other pagesRefused The Federal Cabinet had "reserve rights" and stated that it was first necessary to clarify the "required", "acceptable" or "unacceptable" autonomy of the weapon system.
Swiss Sabrina Darafio, UN United Nations Ambassador, said in the French language Le Tang that "a strict ban on all autonomous deadly systems looks at first glance as a charming prospect, but specifically what is on the ban is not yet clear whether it should be done , or there is a risk that it can also prohibit systems that help prevent side damage (ie, Sacrificing Civilians, etc.).
(Translation by da Uda Kei)