The most significant event is expected on the night of July 27-28, when a full eclipse will be observed throughout Latvia. Even in the afternoon of January 31, the partial phase of the eclipse of the moon will be observed a few minutes shortly before the end, but in northern Latvia on August 11, there will be a very small partial eclipse of the Sun
From the full lunar eclipse to be observed in Asia, Australia, the Pacific and North America on January 31, Latvia will see only a partial phase shortly before the end, for example in Riga, the moon jumps at noon. 16:51, but the partial phase ends at midday. 17:11. This half-life eclipse will be at the end of the noon. 18:08.
A Europe-wide eclipse will be seen from July 27-28 in Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and the Indian Ocean. This eclipse will be observed in Latvia from the very beginning because the partial phase of the eclipse will start at noon. 21:24, full phase – at noon 22:30, but the peak phase of the eclipse will be. 23:22. It should be taken into account that at the very beginning of the partial phase of the eclipse, the moon will be on the horizon, and the sky will be bright because, for example, in Riga the moon is flying. 21:36, but the sun will be noon 21:46. Conversely, at the moment of the maximum eclipse phase, the sky will be cloudy enough and the moon will be high enough to notice it.
The partial eclipse of the Sun will be visible on August 11 in Greenland, North Atlantic, Northern Europe, Russia and the Arctic Ocean. Though this eclipse will not be seen in Riga, it will be possible to observe at a very small stage in the north of Kurzeme and Vidzeme. For example, in Rujien it will start at noon. 12:03 but ends at noon 12:32 The maximum obsession phase (0.022) will be in Rujana at midday. 12:17
In 2018, all the planets in the solar system will be visible. Merkurs will be seen in mid-March evening, but early January, late August and early September, as well as in the second half of December, will be observed in the morning. Venus will have a visibility period from the end of March to mid July, but it will be seen from mid-November until the end of the year. Mars, as the visible red light from the beginning of the year to the middle of May, will see in the morning from mid-May to July – the second half of the night, in July and August – the largest part of the night, but from September to the end of the year – the first half of the night. Jupiter will be observed in the morning in February, in the second half of the night, April and March – almost all night in June and July – in the first half of the night, in August and in the evening, but around mid-December, the planet begins to re-start. Saturn will be observed in the morning, in the second half of April and May in the second half of the night, in June, throughout the night, from July to October in the first half of the night and in the evening. Uranus, which requires observation of the smallest binoculars, will be visible from January to the end of March in the evening, but from July to the end of the year – practically all night. Neptune's observation requires a small telescope, but the best time to observe this planet will be in autumn.
In 2018, as usual, there will be three of the most active streams of meteoric waters – Quadrantheids, Perseids, and Geminiids. The maximum number of their activities is expected on the evening of 3 January, 13 August and 14 December.
The Latvian Astronomical Society brings together astronomers and stakeholders to promote astronomy. LAB members participate in the creation of the Zvaigzne Debess magazine (www.lu.lv/zvd/), conduct Sky observation at the University of Latvia's Astronomical Tower, and organize regular informational meetings. For more information, visit the LAB homepage www.lab.lv.
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