According to the Institute of Hygiene, more than half of circulatory diseases have died; y. 56.1 percent of people. Cardiovascular disorders are mostly affected by increased blood pressure, smoking, stress, malnutrition, obesity, low mobility, alcohol and high cholesterol.
Despite high morbidity, cardiovascular disease is still surrounded by various myths. Seven of them are major.
1. Heart disease affects only older people
Many believe that their health needs to be addressed only when they reach retirement age. However, heart disease does not occur suddenly as influenza, but for decades it has developed under the influence of risk factors until people are active and active but respect the principles of a healthy lifestyle. The consequence of long-term invisible processes is the manifestation of heart disease (sometimes it's sudden death) at an older age.
In addition, heart problems are congenital or occur at birth and heart problems in young people may be caused by obesity or type 2 diabetes. These and other risk factors are becoming an increasingly common problem even at a young age.
2. Cardiovascular disease is more common in men
One of the myths that cardiovascular disease is less likely in men than in men. Unfortunately, the risk of heart disease in women increases significantly after menopause. According to the Institute of Hygiene, cardiovascular disease was caused by 48.1%. men and even 63.4 percent of women's deaths. So the most important enemy is heart disease. Now there is a tendency for the age of these diseases to be younger every year.
3. If you are older, it is normal for you to have high blood pressure
Blood pressure fluctuation is a normal thing, and the more an elderly the more blood pressure increases. However, such a trend does not mean that it is good for the heart – high blood pressure is called "silent killer" because no signs can be felt at first. In older people, high blood pressure is as harmful as the younger. As a result of aging, the blood vessel walls lose flexibility, solidify, so high blood pressure – hypertension – significantly increases the risk of stroke and heart attack. Older people should constantly measure and adjust blood pressure.
4. Cholesterol levels can only increase in old age
"I don't need to control cholesterol because I'm young," I think so often. However, doctors recommend starting 20 years of cholesterol testing and repeating it every five years. It is advisable to start testing earlier if your loved ones are suffering from heart disease – you are at a higher risk of becoming younger.
The human body needs cholesterol, but high blood levels block the blood vessels. And while prevention is a healthy diet and movement, it's very important, but if you already have higher cholesterol than the norm, the only drugs that are statins still regulate their levels without harming other organs. These drugs lower blood cholesterol and often save life.
5. Statins can cause diabetes
According to American Medical Association studies, statins provide the greatest benefit for people with diabetes. They reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and death, which diabetics have much higher. Although statins can sometimes raise blood sugar levels, their overall benefit is compensated. If you have diabetes and are taking statins, monitor your sugar level, organize your diet and exercise regularly.
6. If your heart disease is hereditary, you cannot control it
If you have a history of heart disease in your family, there is a risk that it is higher and you are really bigger. But that doesn't mean you can't do anything to prevent the disease. Control cholesterol and blood sugar with the help of your doctor, eat healthy, control blood pressure and weight, stay active, and do not smoke. It is important not only to follow these guidelines, but also to regularly check your health – prevention will help reduce the risk of heart disease and take appropriate action in time. Take advantage of the cardiovascular prevention program in Lithuania, which covers 40-55 years. male and female 45-60 years old.
7. Statins can cause muscle pain
Statins have been used worldwide since 1988. Statins have been extensively studied for more than 30 years, showing that statins reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and sudden death. Only a very small number of patients had minimal side effects (eg, muscle pain).
Most studies show that only a very small number of patients actually stopped taking statins due to their side effects. More often, after reading the package leaflet, one feels the side effects of the drug, although there is no side effect. This is called a nocebo effect. Therefore, it is important that you do not recover and stop taking the medicine independently to avoid losing effective protection from fatal diseases. You should consult your doctor for any questions.
These and many other myths still believed to be a serious obstacle to the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in Lithuania. Specialists point out that we should first rely on a doctor's opinion, not on myths or hearings, especially in terms of health and life.
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