Antibiotic resistance is today one of the worst concerns around the world and is likely to take human civilization back to antibiotics to this extent. A new report called "Stemming the Superbug Tide" speculates that antibiotic-friendly bugs will soon kill more than 90,000 Britons in the next three decades if they are not restricted.
The main mechanisms by which microorganisms exhibit resistance to antimicrobial agents. Image Credit: Designua / Shutterstock
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) report suggests that antibiotic resistance is likely to kill 2.4 million people in Europe, Australia and North America by 2050 unless it is stopped. Of these 1.3 million, it is likely to occur in Europe and 90 thousand is predicted in Britain, says the report. Antibiotic resistance is described in this last report as "one of the greatest threats of modern medicine". There are currently 44,000 deaths in the United Kingdom due to sepsis caused by strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. About 17 percent of all infections in OECD countries are caused by antibiotic resistance, the report said.
The report recommends taking simple measures to reduce and slow down the antibiotic resistance process. This includes routines for hand washing, better hygiene and hygiene among healthcare workers. The report recommends conservative antibiotic prescribing. They suggest that all infections need to be quickly tested for the antibiotics they are sensitive to. This can prevent the emergence of new superbugs and also allow better infection treatment in the first place. Empirical antibiotic treatment must be stopped, experts say. The report suggests that antibiotics could be discharged during the first three days of a fall in viral infections. This would also prevent unnecessary antibiotic regulations. The report advocates massive public health awareness campaigns to help people adopt a safe antibiotic use policy.
The report warns that in low and middle income countries, antibiotic-resistant strains of microbes are growing faster than developed countries. Many strains have already developed resistance against first-line antibiotics against them. The report adds that over the next few decades bacteria strains will have developed resistance to the second and third order of antibiotics booked, as well as their difficult to treat infections. The note applies to southern European countries such as Italy, Greece and Portugal, which are at the highest risk among OECD countries.
This report is one of the results of a campaign in England against patients who ask for medicines if they are not required. According to England Public Health (PHE), antibiotics that are active against serious infections are commonly prescribed for minor infections such as throat, ear infections, etc., which often improve without treatment. The main slogan of the campaign was that "antibiotics are not always needed".
Experts have suggested that efforts to suppress antibiotic resistance would be worthwhile in the long run, and this report proves this. Tim Jinks, Head of the Wellcome Trust Priority Program, explained, for example, that antibiotic resistance is a threat to "global health and development." The OECD report states that increasing antibiotic resistance can greatly increase the cost of health care and stop it now reduce the cost of healthcare to just $ 2 per pound per year. Another three to four deaths may be ruled out if measures are taken, the report says.