The fight against malaria is exhausted, condemning the World Health Organization in a report. While the most affected countries have seen an increase in the number of cases, the appropriations allocated remain inadequate.
Despite many efforts to suppress this disease and after several years of declining cases, malaria remains a threat to millions of people around the world. This is the sad conclusion of the World Health Organization (WHO) pathology report published on Monday, November 19. In total, 219 million cases were reported in 2017. The number stagnates, because in the previous year it was 217 million.
"No one should die of malaria, but the world faces a new reality: we risk the stagnation of progress by losing years of work"Mr Tedros Adhan Ghebreyesus, the managing director of the organization, said. Since in previous years the number of cases has fallen gradually, from 239 million in 2010 to 214 million in 2015. But fighting the epidemic is now "In Neutral"will condemn the WHO.
Spaces in coverage
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites and transmitted to mosquitoes. If there are treatments, they are not accessible to everyone. He is responsible for approximately 435,000 deaths every year, of which 262,000 are children under 5 years of age. The rate of malaria began to decline at the beginning of 2000 with the use of mosquito nets, new drugs and insecticides, the WHO said. But as of 2013, it remains almost the same.
In 2017, approximately 70% of malaria cases were concentrated in 10 African countries and in India. While there was a decrease in disease in 2017, African countries recorded 3.5 million more cases than in the previous year. WHO points to coverage gaps. Despite an increase in the distribution and use of impregnated mosquito nets, it estimates that half of the endangered people have not slept.
"Strong impact on heavy load"
The picture is not black because the organization describes some progress. In China and Salvador, where malaria was a long-lasting endemia, no local transmission was reported in 2017. Paraguay is the first country in America to be free of this disease for 45 years. "Intensive country-led efforts can successfully reduce the risk people face"the WHO concludes.
From these achievements, he intends to introduce a new action strategy called "Strong impact, for a heavy burden". The institution will first cooperate with the 10 most affected African countries. It aims to be a "facilitator" that coordinates the work of governments, non-governmental organizations and health actors.
But for that we have to have the means. Worldwide anti-malaria contributions – as well as AIDS or tuberculosis – have remained unchanged since 2008. Today, 2.5 billion euros are spent. More than doubling this figure is needed to reach the UN targets to reduce morbidity and malaria mortality by at least 40% by 2020.