Nearly 20% of deaths worldwide are caused by an unhealthy diet with high blood pressure and smoking completing three risk factors for grafting, according to a new World Health report.
The study, which focuses on 2017, showed that non-communicable diseases such as cancer and diabetes now account for almost three-quarters of the world's deaths of 55.9 million, with experts pointing out that much of them is unnecessarily early.
"Many of these problems can be avoided: things like high blood pressure and smoking still cause a huge burden of mortality and poor health," said prof. John Newton, Director of Health Improvement in Public Health, England, and project co-worker.
The world's leading cause of death is cardiovascular disease, abnormal tissue growth, including cancer, second, and chronic respiratory conditions, third. Among cancer deaths, lung cancer was the most common cause.
Data has shown that our behavior is our greatest threat of staying alive, with poor diet being the biggest risk factor. In fact, poor diet for over 19% of all deaths worldwide in 2017 and nearly 70% of deaths for coronary heart disease.
The Global Disease Disease study is a huge international effort that addresses the causes and risk factors of death and illness in all countries of the world. Experts say the latest findings reflect an accelerated shift from death to infections and birth-related problems and diseases such as cancer and diabetes.
"While we are accustomed to seeing it in developing countries, the really strong message now is that it is a global phenomenon, even the relatively poor countries are now more concerned about such things as diabetes than malaria," Newton said.
"It's a lot … because people's way of life changes, their diet changes, people eat too much calories, they have too much fat and carbohydrates in their diet and they do not get enough exercise."
Dr Christopher Murray, the lead author of research, says poor diet is greater than obesity, but given that obesity is a very bad trend, obesity may be the most important in the future. "
"[People] but we statistically know that you are very likely to eat what you eat when you are younger and what people eat around you – so public policy can have a lot of influence through taxes and subsidies and other strategies, "he added. .
High blood sugar – which can lead to diabetes – was the fourth largest risk factor for premature death, while nearly 9% of worldwide deaths – about 5 million – were caused by air pollution, making it fifth.
Newton said it was awakening. "[In] China and India have been worried about it for some time now, but I think the scale of air pollution impacts around the world is now gaining much more attention than it should be, "he said.
The report also shows that the number of deaths from executions and police conflicts worldwide has tripled, while the number of deaths from conflicts and terrorism increased by 118% between 2007 and 2017. Over 36% of deaths in Syria and almost 22% in Iraq were fought in 2017.
"It's really a question – especially the fact that the share [conflict] the deaths of children are disproportionate, which is terrible allegations from the world we live in, "Newton said.
The epidemic of opiates is also worthwhile, with the number of drug substance abuse deaths rising by almost 24% since 2007, with a 77% increase in deaths from opiates. Approximately 110,000 people believe that they have died of the use of such drugs in 2017.
The authors also draw attention to concerns about antibiotics and resistance, and noted that the number of drug-resistant tuberculosis deaths increased by 14% to 12,600 per year over the same time span.
But the report also contains good news: the number of deaths and mortality rates for HIV / AIDS have been more than half since 2007, while the number of measles deaths has fallen by 57%. Syndrome of sudden child death also claims fewer lives, with mortality declining by more than 20%. The number and deaths of Ebola fell by more than 98% between 2007 and 2017.
Research also looks at fertility trends, indicating that the overall fertility rate is further declining, probably partly due to a fall in child mortality. 91 countries have fertility rates below the "sub-standard".
"We should expect the fertility rate to fall and we should celebrate the fact that women have a greater choice for their fertility – that's a good thing," Newton said, while saying that politicians must take this trend into account when planning services, including care of older people.
In terms of disability, the report shows that the biggest problem remains the lower back pain, headaches and depressive disorders that make up the first three.
Experts say the report shows that progress in human health is fragile, just like the world healthcare systems; data show that about half of all countries have a shortage of people working in health care.
Newton added that politicians and individuals need to act: "Neither individuals nor governments ought to treat the health of the people as a matter of course."