"Family and Diabetes – Protect Your Family – Become Diabetes"



November 14 celebrates World Diabetes Day. The USF Locomotive, supported by the Entroncamento City Council and Gustave Eiffel, is joining this global campaign to inform the public.

DIABETES are chronic diseases, that is, for the rest of their lives, which is manifested by high blood sugar. Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to serious complications.

World Diabetes Day 2018 campaign will focus on "Family and Diabetes – Protect Your Family – Getting Aware of Diabetes!" And he's dedicated to the whole family in managing and treating illnesses. Family support is the key to success.

The aim is to support the importance of immediate action to protect the health and well-being of future generations and to achieve significant results for people at risk of diabetes or at risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes in numbers:

• 425 million adults (1 in 11) have diabetes and are estimated to increase to 522 million by 2030.

• One in 2 people with diabetes is still diagnosed (212 million).

• Diabetes caused 4 million deaths in 2017.

• Over 1 million children and adolescents have Type 1 diabetes.

• One in six pregnant women has a high blood sugar level.

• About 2/3 of people with diabetes are of working age (327 million).

• Worldwide spending on diabetes treatment in 2017 was higher than the defense budget of China and the United States altogether!

• 3 out of 4 people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries.

In Portugal, according to the National Diabetes Observatory (2017), 1,655,000 people (20-79 years) of diabetes – 13.9% of the population. However, 1,139,000 people (14.8%) have already reduced their tolerance to diabetes ("Pre-diabetes"). It is estimated that these figures are increasing over the years, predicting that in 2045, 16.5% of the population of diabetics and 17% will suffer from pre-diabetes.

However, approximately 464.3 cases per 1000 inhabitants are diagnosed.

In 2017, diabetes was responsible for the death of 39.4% of Portuguese younger than 60 years of age.

It has to be done because 80% of cases of type 2 diabetes can be avoided by accepting healthy behavior: physical exercise, healthy eating and maintaining normal weight.

When the whole family has healthy nutrition and exercise, it promotes the healthy behavior of all its members by taking advantage of lower risk of developing diabetes (70% of premature adult deaths are the result of adolescence behavior).

Knowledge of the disease (warning symptoms, risks, treatment …) are actively involved in the prevention of related complications.

Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes allows prevention of related complications: heart disease, blindness, renal failure, amputation and sexual impotence.

USF Locomotiva focuses on primary prevention, early treatment and effective family management as an effective approach to tackling preventive non-communicable diseases by promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Being sensitive to this problem, it combines the cause of the celebrating day with the goal of reaching as many families as possible.

In the USF the locomotive is 1067 identified with diabetes: 1022 with DM type 2 (543 men and 479 females) and 45 with type 1 DM (23 males and 22 females) in the universe 14431 enrollees (6833 men and 7598 females).

Because 1 in 2 people remain diagnosed, it is very important for the whole family to know about risk factors and warning signals. Therefore, if you have any of the following symptoms:

• Lack of energy

• Intense thirst

• Unexplained weight loss

• Mourning more than usual

… you should see your doctor or family sister!

Prevent them with the slogan: have a healthy diet and go on foot, cycling, swimming or dancing. It is important to move! Do it as a family because we fight together better with diabetes.

To mark World Diabetes Day, the USF Locomotive, supported by the Entroncamento City Council and Gustave Eiffel, will support two activities aimed at supporting physical exercise in the family and fighting diabetes:

• "Night Runner": a race / walk that will take place on Wednesday 14 November and leave the Entroncamento Municipal Sports Pavilion at 20:00. A small questionnaire will be given at the end of the race to allow participants to evaluate the "risk of developing diabetes".

• "Traditional Family Games": a fun initiative for children, parents and grandparents to promote physical activity as a family, reminiscent of traditional games that once entertained children and adults. This will take place on Saturday, November 17, at 10:00, at the Entroncamento City Sports Pavilion. In the morning, we can also count on the distribution of the "Healthy Snack" program prepared with all the dedication and dedication of Gustave Eiffel's students.

Come down and bring the family. We rely on your presence!

Authors:

Helena Souto e Santos (internal 1st year of specific general education and family medicine – USF Locomotiva)

Ana Isabel Arraiolos (3rd year of Specific Education of General and Family Medicine – USF Locomotiva)


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