preinfarction or unstable angina pectoris is a medical emergency because it can quickly develop into an acute myocardial infarction.
mild heart attack: The main manifestation of angina is chest pain caused by atheromatic plaques. They develop complications by blocking containers that irrigate the heart. ,
Symptoms before heart attack
You may think you have angina pectoris if you have at least one of the following symptoms or symptoms:
– Chest pain, chest bone, transition to left upper limb, madibula, teeth or even back;
– Pain is like push, weight, burn, or even claw that connects you;
– With the onset of pain, you feel immediate death and think;
– have nausea and vomiting;
All of these manifestations occur when you exercise, if you are indignant, after sexual intercourse, after eating abundantly or in cold; may take more than 15 minutes in the case of pre-infarction. It may happen that in the case of unstable angina pectoris, the pain will also occur at rest and may disappear after administration of nitroglycerin.
Symptoms of heart attack in women
Women may have different symptoms for men because they do not feel chest or tightness on their chest. In their case, symptoms of angina include chest tightness, dizziness, difficulty in breathing or stomach pain. All of these symptoms can also occur in other conditions, so the diagnosis is often delayed.
How dangerous is the heart attack?
You must know that unstable angina is most often followed by a heart attack. From the first chest pain you should contact a doctor who performs an electrocardiogram and a set of analyzes. They provide valuable risk indexes for heart attack.
Treatment of unstable angina pectoris
Treatment of unstable angina pectoris recalls the treatment of a heart attack. You must know that if you suffer from an unstable angina crisis, you have to be hospitalized in an intensive care unit, you will be monitored and you will not be able to go out of bed.
For relief of pain you can get sedatives and even morphine. In the first hours of admission, if you suffer from suffocation, you will also get oxygen. As a medicine, you can receive intravenous nitroglycerin every 5 minutes, provided the blood pressure does not fall below 100 mm Hg; propanolol, nifedipine, xylene or heparin with acenocoumarol are other drugs designed to treat unstable angina pectoris.
Aspirin at a dose of 70-160 mg / day and clorpidogrel are anti-platelet aggregates that prevent clot formation that can block coronary arteries.
And statins are part of unstable angina pectoris drugs that are recommended from the first day of treatment. They reduce cholesterol and affect the plaque of atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attack.
Angina pectoris may get worse if you have a fever, anemia, hypo- or hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthyroidism, or if the lungs are not working properly.
mild heart attack: Risk factors include:
– Age over 60 years
-historical family history of ischemic heart disease
– High cholesterol levels in the blood
– high blood pressure, smoking
– diabetes treated with insulin
– sedentarism, obesity, male sex-estrogen, which has a protective role
– Excessive consumption of refined sugars, saturated fats, alcohol
-symnosomatic type A: ambitious, energetic, aggressive, impatient
-professions with increased stress.