Women with a first-degree relative with breast cancer have a 40-fold higher risk of breast cancer



Women with a first-degree relative with breast cancer have a 40-fold higher risk of breast cancer

According to the latest statistics published by the World Health Organization, cancer is a disease that is increasingly affecting people around the world: it is estimated that in 2018 the number of illnesses will reach 18.1 million and the death to 9.6 million.

Cancer remains the second cause of death after cardiovascular disease, but experts come up with a positive message: 30 to 50 percent of cancer can be avoided by a healthy lifestyle. Elimination of smoking, balanced diet, moderate movement, and adherence to medical tests that have proven efficacy could reduce the risk of cancer. In women, breast cancer is number one in the number of diseases and cervical cancer is the fourth. Both types of cancer can be successfully treated if women visit a doctor every year and do not miss some important tests.
"Women should have an annual mammogram with or without ultrasound after 50 years of age, breast screening at the age of 50 years is performed in women who have a hederocolateral history, ie, Relative 1st or 2nd degree with breast cancer or ovarian cancer. I think breast cancer of the first degree compared to breast cancer is 40 times higher than that of the general population. "In addition to ultrasound and mammography, breast implantation is equally important, and I believe that self-treatment should not be ignored because many of the present patients have come after discovered "nodes" in autopalpation ", recommends Andreea Pătrulescu, Head of the Oncology Department at Onco Card Hospital Braşov.
In the case of cervical cancer, vaccination at a young age against HPV can prevent disease. Annual gynecological examination and examination of papaya after 21 years are important for highlighting malignant lesions. Doctors are categorical: no cervical lesion should be neglected! In addition, they advocate performing the most up-to-date analyzes such as the Pap Test in Liquid Media.
"The test in the liquid medium is very accurate because a higher percentage of cells will be selected in the liquid medium for analysis of the anatomopathologist. If there is more cellular material and the result is more accurate. However, if performed correctly and performed annually, classical tests are good because they can highlight changes in the cervix. The problem is that they will not do it because they do not appear in the medical service. There are very few women who go to a gynecologist to check regularly every year"Says the oncologist.

Doctor Pătrulescu admits to seeing many cases of advanced colorectal cancer – about 70 percent of the diagnoses he says are so. Many young people end up in such a limiting situation and at the height of many doctors, as the expert says in oncology.

"There are also cervical cancers of the recent HPV, but most of them have a precursor HPV infection. HPV strains 16 and 18 are the most aggressive. In most cases, if the infection persists and is not monitored, it leads to the development of cancer. For cervical cancer, the symptoms appear late in development and when there is little – bleeding, pelvic pain – and the disease is widespread. Therefore, gynecological checks should be performed regularly and lesions should be discovered early. Cervical cancer is treatable cancer if detected early"The doctor says.

The situation is not happy even with breast cancer, many patients have reached a doctor with large tumors, even 12 cm. Oncologists say that many breast cancers develop slowly, sometimes even in 7 years. All the time ultrasound and mammography can reveal and lead doctors to the most effective therapies. These are based on biopsy, essential in the treatment of cancer, but in view of the suspicion of many people.

"It is further assumed that if the biopsy tumor is "dispersed" to use the language of the patient. Non-tubed tumor can not be treated, a tumor that will not be treated sooner or later will metastasize. Unfortunately, we have heard medical experts who believe this and many other educated people. If I get a biopsy patient in my office, like an oncologist, I'll tell him I can not cure a tumor if I do not know what type of tumor is. The term "cancer" is not enough. There are many subtypes that are treated differently, you need to know all the details of the disease before you decide on the treatment. And when I say I need a biopsy, I often have a question and it will not be scattered? The answer is: No, it will not be scattered"He explains to the oncologist the importance of the biopsy.

Prejudice also persists in the effectiveness of chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. There are still patients who postpone a doctor's visit and use natural therapies.

"You do not know how many young patients die in the eye because they choose this naturist treatment. And if it's honest, alternative treatment is not so natural. The more exotic the plants, the more they believe. It is very difficult to fight these prejudices. I'm trying to tell patients that oncology treatment, which includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery, is the only effective one. Cancer is an aggressive disease that we must treat aggressively. Perhaps natural treatment will help, but there is still no evidence in medical literature to prove their effectiveness. They have not been studied and have often been associated with side effects that may be serious: liver failure, renal insufficiency. A study published on Medscape has shown that natural treatments reduce the survival of cancer patients"Warns Dr. Andreea Patrulescu.

The same hopes also concern anticancer diet. This is not scientifically proven, so specialists recommend caution when accepting them. The diet of patients with cancer should be balanced, rich in vegetables, fruits, cereals, olives, fish and fermented dairy products.


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