In the last five years, a radical shift has taken place in Egypt-Arab relations, which has also witnessed an internal shift towards stability following the tensions and chaos that prevailed in the country after the Muslim Brotherhood's rule over the government for a year, to a large extent to sabotage the regional and international relations of Egypt. Stability on Egyptian Street during the Revolution on June 30, 2013, which was the beginning of a period of re-strengthening relations at all foreign levels, especially on the Arab level due to crises that hit many countries, so Egypt has a leading role in the region, S not only watching or supporting.
A researcher at the Arab Research and Study Center, Mustafa Salah said that the June 30 events of revolution helped Egypt to return to the Arabic embrace after being in the hands of the Muslim Brotherhood.In view of the regional rejection of political leadership in Egypt, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood in many Arab countries that threaten security And regional stability, so the rise of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to the government is the beginning of the first guarantee of Egypt's return to the Arab incubator with regard to security forces, and Egypt's inter-parliamentary relations with Arab countries have helped in its external relations with the geographic environment security and stability. Rar Area.
Researchers: The June 30 revolution helped Egypt restore Arab embrace Cairo became more active in regional and international writings
Egypt has helped many Arab countries to adopt policies to eliminate the causes of instability, such as regional security issues and terrorist activities in many Arab countries, as in Libya and the Hazem storm led by Saudi Arabia in cooperation with some Arab countries. Adopt an Arab-Arab agenda that will enhance the stability and growth of fraternity among Arab countries ».
He added that since the outbreak of the Libyan crisis, Egypt has adopted a foreign policy with geographical proximity to ensure the stability of these countries, thus providing political solutions to bring together the parties: "Since the outbreak of the Libyan revolution, Egypt has been working to crystallize Arab-Arab solutions through the League States or through Bilateral Relations with Libyan Parties ».
As for Syria, a researcher specializing in international relations, she said that the role of Egypt in Syria is through the Arab League, supporting all the steps that the League has supported in tackling the crisis, starting with the peace plan, by sending delegates from the Arab League to see the internal situation, maintains Syria's unity and independence from the intervention of non-Arab regional states.
Internal stability has translated into external relations .. and "Sisi" relations with the Persian Gulf and Egypt have spoken of Arab status internationally.
On the right, Salah said Egyptian foreign policy was to face groups below ground level, Egypt had one policy towards these groups, whether it be the Brotherhood or Houthis or Hezbollah in Lebanon, and continued: Egypt against armed groups, international intervention used by these groups and uses them to strengthen internal conflicts in Arab countries and points out that we are in the barrier of these groups in terms of regional efforts or Arab-Arab alliance or regional responsibility of Egypt in this context and the continuation of : Efforts to solve this problem Both groups in Egyptian home or abroad in the Arab country in general ».
As far as the Palestinian question is concerned, the researcher stated that Egypt had submitted a proposal to reject US recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine when it was a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, and also mobilized international efforts to support the resolution, and efforts to Palestinian reconciliation include many Egyptian delegations, which visited the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian Authority. Organizing a Palestinian House from the Inside and Contributing to the Crystallization of a Coalition Government from Both Sides to Ensure International Recognition Egypt has also worked to implement Arab efforts through the League of Nations and has taken positions against arbitrary international decisions, Israel and move its embassy to Egypt as it provides many ways assistance to Palestinian development assistance and provide material and material assistance.
As regards the difference between Egypt and the US on the Palestinian issue, he said, in view of Egypt's privileged relations with the United States, that the diversification of Egypt's foreign policy has allowed it to adopt balanced relations with the Arab environment or the international environment. "Egypt was in international isolation in its political decision, geographic scope, or international platforms, so it adds Egyptian foreign policy and is able to implement its foreign policy as it was before." Use and exploit many of your bilateral relations for the sake of Arab nations or for your foreign policy ".
Dr. Mohamed Sadek Ismail, director of the Arab Center for Political and Strategic Studies, said that the Egyptian role after 2013 in the Arab region was very influential, the relationship with the six Gulf countries was a kind of apathy as a result of the visit of Iranian President Ahmadinejad under Mohamed Morsi. In the Persian Gulf, there are some concerns about the situation in Egypt and Egyptian policies towards the Gulf States and added that after Sisi took the presidency, he tried to restore relations with the Gulf countries and noted that the Gulf itself welcomed President Al-Sisi, Saudi. Arabia and other Gulf states. Supporting the U30 Revolution He said there is a strategic partnership between Egypt and the Gulf States at all levels. During the month you will find that either the Gulf is President in Egypt, or President al-Sisi goes to one of the Gulf states. In the context of the Qatar crisis, countries in Egypt and the Gulf Cooperation Council were in close contact with each other: "Of course we remember President Al-Sisi's statement, which expresses Egypt's favor in the Arab Gulf, as well as the support and participation of Egypt in the Arab alliance in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia. This suggests that Egypt has returned strongly to the Gulf region Mr. Sisi went to the Sultanate of Oman, which is always neutral in relation to various issues, all of which suggest that there are excellent relations with the GCC except for Qatar as a result of the crisis and its interference to Arab countries.
He said Egypt in 2014 attempted to open up new relations with the Palestinian factions, Fatah and Hamas, to take care of the common interests of the two parties and bring the views closer, stressing that Egypt welcomed Fatah leader Mohammed Dahlan to try to restore "Hamas" “. Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri's visit to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu discussed the reopening of Palestinian negotiations and pointed out that Egypt at all international forums and events confirms Jerusalem's Arab and its rejection of US policies regarding Golan and the recognition of Jerusalem in Israel.
As for Libya, Ismail said Egypt had put forward a political solution and brought the political parties in Libya to the heart of Cairo more than once, whether it was President of the House of Representatives Aqila Saleh or President of Presidential Council Fayez Al-Sarraj or Marshal Khalifa Hafer and supported the Libyan In addition, there is a coordination between the two sides on common borders and Egypt's desire to calm the political crisis. "In 2015, President al-Sisi proposed a solution to the Syrian crisis, which is summarized on several points, including protection zones and others. The political solution to the crisis in Syria, as well as the Egyptian role in hosting the Syrians in its territory and not in them, and one on the border and considered them Egyptians on the land of Egypt ».
On terrorism, Egypt coordinated with Arab countries such as Jordan as a strategic partner, as well as with Iraq, where last month he met with Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdel-Mahdi, the Arab-European Summit, the Afro-European Summit, "He added:" All these things suggest that Egypt has shifted from interest that is in the interest of home, to interest abroad, and attention abroad can reflect the stability of things inside, and these relationships with the Arab dimension continue to sleep, even though Egypt is going to international forums, Trump has expressed Arab questions Yeh and Arab opinion, not just Egypt's viewpoint. »