Reuters Health – Obesity changes the shape and structure of the brain and affects the gray matter responsible for the senses.
The study was conducted by researchers at the University of Leiden Medical Center in the Netherlands and published its results in the latest issue of Radiology.
Obesity is one of the most difficult health problems in the world, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia, suggesting that the disease causes changes in the brain.
To determine the magnitude of these changes, scientists have conducted a magnetic brain examination of more than 12,000 people to monitor the size of gray matter in the brain and its effect on human obesity.
Gray matter forms a large part of the central nervous system where nerve cells are responsible for the senses, which facilitates the flow of information from the senses and into the senses.
Researchers found that high body fat levels are associated with differences in shape and structure of the brain, including a small gray matter.
Changes in white matter (surrounding the central structures of the brain) negatively affect signal transduction in brain networks.
"Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) was an indispensable tool for understanding the relationship between obesity and its negative effects on brain health," said Dr. Mons. Elona Dickers, Research Team Leader.
"Our study shows that high levels of fat distributed to the body are associated with a small size of important brain structures, including the amount of gray matter present in the brain."
According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.4 billion adults are overweight, over half a billion people are obese and at least 2.8 million people die every year from obesity or obesity.