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Věstí, established in honorable acquaintance. PhotoMaybe you do not know about it.

Snacks in working sandwiches, but not everyone knows that this name comes from the name of its inventor, the English aristocrat of Count Sandwich. However, it was long before sandwiches started selling in fast food outlets. Although not long ago compared to the life of King Harald Bluetooth, after which he was named a modern Bluetooth technology, known to anyone who uses a mobile phone. Stories about outstanding people, whose names have become their home name and given their name to our usual things.

Cardigan: James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan

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In the wardrobe of many people you can see that the coat is a knitted jacket with buttons and without a collar. But maybe not everyone knows that this garment was named after its inventor – British General James Thomas Brudnel, 7th Earl of Cardigan. Originally, it was a waistcoat that the British Army wore under uniforms for warmth, but gradually moved into a civilian casket, including women, and had long sleeves.

Maecenas: Gaius Cilnius Maecenas

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The term "philanthropist" refers to a person who, at his own expense, contributes to the development of science and the arts. Many of these people did history, but it all began with the noble Roman ethic origin named Gaius Cilnius Maecenas, who lived in the 1st century BC and became the famous patron of the poets. For example, Horace Maecenas gave the estate, and Virgil helped get rid of the centurion violence and get rid of the poet.

In addition, the patron was in friendly relations with the Emperor Augustus and could influence the other who held back the violent impulses of the sovereign. According to the testimony of Dio Cassiae, Maecenas had once been the sickman since the declaration of many death sentences, writing only one sentence: Surge tandem, carnifex! ("Yes, a lot of you, butcher!").

Boycott: Charles Boycott

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Complete or partial termination of a relationship with an individual or organization or boycott, known in many countries as a method of peaceful resistance. Although the boycott was used earlier, the official name of this type of struggle only appeared at the end of the 19th century. Century and is associated with the name of Charles Boycott, who worked as a land manager Lord Mayhem in the Mayo County of Ireland.

In 1880, he fought for just rent, the right to remain on the land and the right to free land, the Ground League of Ireland withdrew the strike and withdrew the workers that the Lord needed today to harvest on his land. Bojkot, as a manager, began fighting this strike, which the League responded to by campaigning for its isolation in the local community.

The neighbors stopped talking to Boykott, in the church nearby, and the shops refused to serve. Eventually, the manager broke up and left Ireland and his name was listed in most languages ​​of the world.

Raglan Sleeve: Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan

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Raglan sleeve is remarkable that it protrudes with the shoulder part of the front and rear of the product. But, as in the case of a helmet, this outfit has come from military fashion. cut sleeves favored British Marshal Baron Raglan, who lost his right hand at the Battle of Waterloo.

Raglan's own sleeve helped at least cover the disadvantage, except the tunic of this cut was comfortable to wear in rainy weather: because of the lack of seams water does not penetrate under the dress. In addition, this sleeve allowed the army to use a great deal of combat to use the weapon, such as a sword.

Sports swimsuit or windshield: Jules léotard

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Another piece of clothing that originally appeared in a men's dressing room – a sports swimmer, a windshield (or a t-shirt). It was named after the French acrobat Jules Leotar, speaking in such a suit. In the nineteenth century, the lolles were dressed only for circus artists, but in the 20th century, sports swimsuits broke up in ballet, gymnastics, other sports, and thanks to aerobics, the airliner became popular street wear in the 1980s: they wore it with legions and skirts.

Silhouette: Etienne de Silhouette

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The word "silhouette" and its meaning are all familiar, but not everyone realizes it comes from the name of the French Treasurer, Etienne de Silhouette (on a collage on the left), who was known for his desire and desire to reduce the cost of King Louis XV and his escort . Of course, it did not in any way contribute to the popularity of Silhouette, left his talks and was perfectly justified.

Excessive frugality The silhouette was the cause of the use of the word à la Silhouette, which was used against cheap things. And in honor of the "fury" the controller was called the art of portrait painting in the form of a shadow – a cost-effective alternative for those who could not afford to order a full portrait of the artist. The silhouette was not the inventor of this technique, but he liked these portraits. An example of such a work (the silhouette of Jane Austen, the portrait painter – Mrs. Collins) you see in the collage on the right.

Whatman: James Watman

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A heavy white bond paper with high abrasion resistance was also named after its creator, the English paper maker James Wattana Sr. (born James Whatman, in Russian – Whatman). He, originally called his invention, filled the paper (literally "woven paper"), but in the Russian language took root that it was the name.

Saxophone: Adolphe Sax

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Saxophone was designed in 1842 by Belgian music director Adolphe sax, who called his invention muzzle ophicleide (now obsolete wind). And we know the name "saxophone", this instrument was given to every sax by French composer Hector Berlioz. By the way, the English word "saxophone" (saxophone) is often reduced to a simple "sax" (saxophone).

Bluetooth: Harald I Bluetooth

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Technology of wireless technology companies was named after the King of Denmark and Norway Harald I Bluetooth (bluetooth is literally translated as a "blue tooth") who lived in modern Denmark and southern Sweden where he developed this technology. The king is supposed to have been nicknamed because of poor teeth, but it was not blue, but rather black: at that time it was darker than blue.

Female seducer or Casanova: Giacomo Casanova

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The name of this adventurer and lovers of love adventures has become a home word, but unlike the literary characters Lotharia and Don Juan Giacomo Casanova actually existed. Casanova traveled extensively, he was in Russia, where he was hit by the fact that ordinary people and servants ate a drink that seemed amazing: it was cooking.

Incidentally, the number of Casanova women won was not as great as the standards of the past. This is confirmed by the quotation from the opening article to the Russian edition of Casanova memoirs: "…" Don Juan "Casanova's list can capture the imagination of a very exemplary family man: 122 women over 39 … So, what are the three romantic adventures of the year? "

Sandwich: John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich

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Sometimes the most ingenious inventions are born through ordinary human laziness. Such things can be attributed to sandwiches, which was the world because the passionate Earl of Sandwich did not want to get on a decent lunch.

Counting had the habit of sitting at the table all day long and asked him to serve cold beef between two slices of toasted bread so as not to interrupt studies or to make your hands dirty. So the famous sandwich got its name and became an integral part of the food culture in big cities.

Paparazzi: Tazio Secchiaroli

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Beginning: The word "paparazzi" became the word of household because of the character named Paparazzo by Federico Fellini's "Sweet life". But the prototype hero was Italian Tazio Secchiaroli (shown in the lower left corner), who is considered the world's first paparazzi photographer, shooting scenes from the lives of personalities without their consciousness and consent.

However, after the film Secchiaroli stopped being a street photographer and devoted himself to Studio work. In particular, she was a personal photographer, Sophie Loren, for 20 years.

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