BRATISLAVA, November 12 (WebNoviny.sk) – Last year, over 22,000 new cases were reported in Slovakia, when patients diagnosed diabetes. He informed the National Health Information Center (NCZI) in his press release. In 2017 354,726 diabetics (165,285 men, 189,441 women) were registered in diabetological outpatient clinics in Slovakia.
"The number of patients treated with a type of diabetes mellitus (DM) increased by 5% compared to 2009 and more than 20,000 new diabetics are received every year," said NCZI Chief Executive Peter Blaskovits.
The vast majority of patients (321,987) were treated for type 2 diabetes. Up to 90% were diabetics aged 45 and over. For type 1 diabetes, 27,108 patients were treated, of which 1,369 were children up to 14 years of age. The largest group was patients aged 25-64 years (72%). Pregnancy (gestational) diabetes, which arises as a result of hormonal changes and mostly after birth, is diagnosed in 1,504 women.
Over the past year 22,338 newly diagnosed diabetics were added to the records of diabetological outpatients, which is 2.7% more than in the previous year.
Type 2 diabetes diagnosed 18,898 people, especially in the age group 65-74 years (858.6 / 100,000) and 55-64 years (776.5 / 100,000). Of the total number of 1,525 new patients with type 1 diabetes, the highest age group was 25-34 years old (38.0 / 100,000).
Most new patients with diabetes reported medical facilities in Bratislava (558.4 / 100 thousand) and Nitra Region (474.1 / 100 thousand) and at least in Zilinsky (307.1 / 100 thousand) and Zlínský (348.2 / 100 thousand) of the county.
Treatment with insulin and antidiabetics
The most commonly used treatment for diabetics was the oral antidiabetic medicinal product (53%), which is common in DM 2 treatment. The introduction of regime measures (diet, increase in physical activity, weight reduction, elimination of harmful habits and others) were treated by 18% of patients.
The 28.7% of patients underwent insulin treatment required for DM 1, with the most common (95.3%) in children and adolescents under 18 years of age.
Of the chronic complications that cause diabetes, diabetics most frequently experienced arterial hypertension (202,594 cases), lipid metabolism disorder (186,556), diabetic neuropathy (92,608), eye complications (69,926), and complications with the kidneys (45,010).
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