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The risk of viral diseases is increased, RVVZ advises on how you can prevent them

TS – RÚVZ, | 29.1.2019

The risk of viral diseases is increased, RVVZ advises on how you can prevent them

In the weather we have at present – frost alternating temperatures above 0 degrees Celsius, drizzle alternating snowfall or damp and cloudy sky, the virus is rapidly multiplied not only by the influenza virus but other viruses and bacteria are involved in respiratory infections.

These are, for example, syncytial viruses, chlamydia (bacteria living within human cells), mycoplasmas (a very large family of bacteria that in the past were considered viruses or transient forms between viruses and bacteria for their simplicity), but also pneumococci , which are the most common cause of serious infections and also deaths from infection mainly in children during the first years of life).

"In addition to influenza virus, the syncytial virus is a very common cause of respiratory infections, and the increased risk of people being infected is from November to April, posing a threat not only to adults but also to children, especially the youngest, causing complications in respiratory diseases, , when the body is unable to defend itself sufficiently We know serious cases when such a disease can end up fatally This virus spreads through a droplet infection, persists on the surface of various objects (handles in the means of transport, handles, shopping baskets, etc.) people easily become infected, "emphasizes the Head of the Department of Epidemiology of the Regional Public Health Service (RÚVZ) in Banská Bystrica MUDr. Viera Morihladková.

He adds that the symptoms of this infection are initially similar to colds, after the penetration of the virus into the lower respiratory tract can cause bronchitis and pneumonia. Diseases caused by respiratory syncytial virus do not know current medicine to treat as a bacterial disease. Therefore, prevention is important – frequent and thorough hand washing, a high vitamin C diet, more vegetables and fruits, hardening, walking, ventilation, but avoiding large cumulative people. However, the most effective prevention is vaccination, whether against influenza, pneumococci or HAEMOPHILUS infections.

Often they are involved in infections of the lower respiratory tract, chlamydia and mycoplasma – these diseases usually last longer than normal viral diseases, but antibiotics can be used in contrast to viral diseases. Both chlamydiae and mycoplasmas are transmitted via the droplet pathway, and can also be transmitted by the sex route. There, however, they cause local genital infections in both sexes. (Chlamydia pneumoniae is an intracellularly parasitic bacterium that is transmitted by droplet infection, coughing or sneezing.) Mycoplasmas are a small cell-free bacterium, therefore its diagnosis is heavier and the treatment is specific.)

Another threat – pneumococcus, can be a threat to humans as a primary infection, but they often occur as complications in other acute respiratory diseases of the upper respiratory tract and may result in serious illnesses such as pneumonia. Pneumococcal invasive disease is a group of life-threatening and life-threatening diseases – in addition to inflammation of the lungs, middle ear inflammation or inflammation of the cerebral hemorrhage that causes bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of infection is currently a great deal of attention from experts because vaccination against them – especially with regard to compulsory vaccination of children – is one of the youngest. It was included in the National Immunization Program and introduced into the 2009 Vaccination Calendar. Laboratory examination of this pathogenic strains, monitoring of the antibiotic resistance of individual strains and other important tasks is the National Pesticide Response Center (NRC), which was established at the Banská Bystrica RÚVZ 1 . January 2011.

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