About 700 people are infected with HIV in Slovenia. Their life expectancy has been greatly prolonged by effective medicines as well as the quality of life. However, infected people and patients still face a lot of problems, especially in their social environment.
Mitja Ćosic Legebitra says there is no leukemic person who would not be discriminated against in the health system. It even faces cases where the infected person was denied a health service. One of those who faced this experience filed a lawsuit against the health worker and succeeded. The stigma caused by this disease is significant and for the infected also represents the greatest and worst side effect of the damage. People therefore infect. "If I ask my clients, they say that their problems are not caused by medication or physicians' visits. The most common problems are stigma and fear of social isolation, verbal references, strange views," he said Janez Tomazič of the Ljubljana Clinic of Infectious Disease Clinic.
The way to destigmatize HIV infection is probably still long, but it begins with every individual. "If we take on the role of a person who has just learned about HIV infection, he will have to wake up empathetic emotions, especially health workers, and encourage us to help reduce the stigma. Sometimes we can do as much as possible that we are the voice of someone she can not speak, "she said Veronika Jagodic Basic, President of the Nurses and Physicians Department in the Department of Internal Medicine and Infections in the Chamber – Zvezi.
Slovenia is one of the countries that can provide very healthy health care to people living with HIV, while insured persons are eligible for all medicines. Patients in our country are undergoing regular, open-label, thoroughly controlled, state-of-the-art and best-of-breed medicines with minimal side-effects and, if possible, relying on various diagnostic and preventative examinations, "said Jagodic Basicheva.
People are not yet aware that great progress has been made in HIV and AIDS, drugs are effective, patients expect a high age and live well and therefore Tomasic is on a round table STAkluba expressed the conviction that in the fight against discrimination against infected people there would be a huge number of actions if the disease changed its name. People who are treated effectively are not infectious, it was clear and stressed that many primary health care professionals (eg in dentistry) do not know about it. In an attempt to reduce stigma, he collaborated with NGOs for a year before he reached the fact that the health card is no longer widely available data on the drugs that receive infected grapes.
Last year, 39 infected grasses were detected in Slovenia, of which 32 were infected this year. Data on the total number of reported new diagnosis cases indicate that they are lower than the actual number. They are not only dependent on the number of people living with grapes but also on the scale of testing, which is relatively small compared to many other European countries.
Evita Leskovšek of the National Institute of Public Health said that many people did not even know about their condition and called for testing. Experience has shown that many, especially over 50, do not even think they could be infected. Most of them do not even know the name of who could attack them. "Test yourself, others will provide you with experts," Tomazic concluded. Five years ago there were many late diagnoses. People have come to test when their immune system has been shut down, a quarter of them have already developed AIDS. The number of late diagnoses is now decreasing, but they want more regular tests. It is important for the patient to arrive early in the treatment, because in this case the possibilities of survival are even greater. In our country the consequences of the infection die up to five people per year.
The vast majority of people infected with bird flu are men who have sex with men, two percent are drug users, and three percent of children are infected with this disease. Five juveniles aged between 10 and 24 years are infected every minute in the world with avian influenza. Tanja Povšič of the Ljubljana Youth Association of Friends of Youth emphasized that young people still do not know about safe sex and that sexual education should be addressed in an interdisciplinary way (psychological aspect, communication skills, interpersonal relationships). Since every fifth of the fifteenth year is already sexually active, education about healthy and safe sex should be started soon, stressed Povsičeva. The workshops for safe sex are in the program Young, health and consciousness in secondary schools they see that the topic of sexuality among young people is still taboo. NIJZ research has shown that if they have more information, young people will wait for the first sexual intercourse and possibly another partner, Leskovskov explains.
According to the assessment in Povšice, parents could also play a role in prevention, which usually talks about girls with children, especially about contraception but not about the prevention of transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Also, in the curriculum, the content of sexual education is not systematically regulated, and it is mostly based on the enthusiasm of the individual teachers, the round table participants said.
Are you the parent who worries him?
Participation in lectures on youth, hivu and stigma: on Monday, December 3rd, Studio Moderna, Litostrojska 52, Ljubljana.
The virus may be most commonly infected by unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person and exposure to infected blood, particularly when infected needles are shared during injecting. It is also possible to transfer from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy, during delivery or after breastfeeding.
In 2017, nearly 160,000 newly discovered HIV-infected people in the European region, with the World Health Organization, are worrying. It is encouraging that the overall upward trend is not as steep as before. The eastern part of the region recorded more than 130,000 new hives diagnoses. By contrast, the countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU / EEA) have seen a reduction in the rate of new diagnoses, mainly due to a 20% reduction in new diagnoses in men who have sex with men.