80th anniversary of the great leader of Ataturk



The founder of the Republic of Turkey, the bold and unforgettable leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, died 80 years ago, nine o'clock in Palma Dolmabahce on November 10, 1938, five of his deaths.

The death of Atatürk was in Anatolia and all over the world happy with sadness. We recall Mustafa Kemal Ataturk with love and desire …

The great leader Atatürk was born in 1881 in Thessaloniki, a three-story house that was rebuilt into a museum. His father was Ali Riza Efendi and his mother was Zübeyde Hanım. Ataturk attended elementary school at the Semes Efendi School in Salonika. In 1899 he joined Harbiye Mektebi in Istanbul and in 1902 he graduated from the Military Academy as Lieutenant in 1905.

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, 1905 in Damascus in the 5th Army, in 1907 in Macedonia, was assigned to the 3rd Army. While working in the monastery and Salonika he worked in the operational army, which in 1909 suppressed the case of 31st of March in Istanbul.

Ataturk, who was involved in the Albanian suppression suppressive operation, was sent to Tobruk in 1911, when Italy launched soldiers in Tripoli. After the successful management of the Turkish troops in Tobruk and Derne, Atatürk, who joined the Balkan War in 1912-1913 with the rank of major, served in a corps that was taken by Edirne from Bulgaria.

HIGHEST SUCCESS IN CANAKAL

Atatürk, who was in Attaché in 1913-1915 in Sofia, participated in the Battle of Çanakkale in 1915 as Commander of the 19th Division in the First World War. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk successfully halted hostilities in Gallipoli and gained reputation as the "hero of Anafartalar."

He was appointed commander of the Corps on the Eastern Front in 1916 and was promoted to the rank of general. In 1917, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was appointed to the 7th Army Headquarters in Palestine and Syria. In the same year Atatürk came to Germany with Crown Prince Vahdettin.

He conducted investigations at the German General Headquarters and on German war fronts. When he was the 7th Army Commander of the Syrian Front in 1918, he returned to Istanbul after the Mudros ceasefire, which was signed at the end of the First World War. To save the country from hostile employment, the purpose of secrecy, leave the İstanbul Army Inspectorate.

The first step to fulfilling independence

Mustafa Kemal, who arrived in Samsun on May 19, 1919 via the Black Sea, published the Amasya Circular on June 22, 1919. The Turkish nation, "the nation's entirety and the independence of the nation, is in danger, determination and determination to rescue the native land in Sivas, gathering the congress," he said. In addition, he withdrew from the Ottoman government's duties and left the army, on July 23, 1919 in Erzurum, on September 4, 1919 in Sivas, chaired the congress held in Sivas.

At these congresses, "The decision of the peoples against the occupation of the nation, the temporary government for that purpose, which should be set up and the National Assembly to meet, the mandate and the patronage will not be accepted", the decision was adopted and announced.

The Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Parliament), his efforts began with an historic mission in Ankara on April 23, 1920. Mustafa Kemal was elected chairman of the assembly and government. The Sevres Treaty, signed between the Ottoman Government and the states of the agreement, announces to the world that it has not accepted the Turkish nation.

On April 6, 1920, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk was established by the Anadolu Agency (AA) 17 days before the opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

"Turkey to Make Your Voice in the World" Established AA, announced its first laws that Parliament's interests in all phases of the national struggle and the Independence War, the Republic witnessed the revolution.

The Greek army was included

With the help of Entente Powers, the progress of the Greek forces occupying Izmir was halted in 1921 by the battles of First and Second Inonu. On August 23, 1921, the defeated Greek army was defeated, and the Turkish army, commanded by commander Mustafa Kemal Pasha, defeated the Sakary war in victory. In this war, which lasted for 22 days, the Greek army suffered heavy losses. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk won the title of "Marshal" and "Gazi" by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.

The Turkish army launched a counterattack on 26 August 1922 to save the country from hostile occupation. During the Supreme Commander's Battle on August 30, 1922, Mustafa Kemal Pasha was driving, and the Turkish Army destroyed most of the Greek army. After the enemy forces fled from the defeated Turkish army, 9 September 1922 entered Izmir. On 11 October 1922, the Mudanya Armistice was signed and the states of the agreement withdrew from the occupied Turkish territory.

THE FOUNDER OF THE REPUBLIC

After the War of Independence, the Republic was proclaimed a large national assembly on October 29, 1923, and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was elected president. He was elected president four times in succession until his death in 1938. He became the president with the longest term of office.

President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Pasha, on June 14, 1926, the attempted assassination planned in Izmir was denied. In Izmir, the leaders of the attempted assassination were arrested.

Mustafa Kemal, in his statement to the Anatolia press agency about the assassination, "low-interference is more of a sacred republic for me, and there is no doubt that he has governed our supreme principles on which he is founded. My deadly body will land once, but it will remain in the Republic of Turkey forever, "he said.

Mustafa Kemal was given the surname Atatürk on 24 November 1934 by Act No. 2587 and it was forbidden to use this surname by others.

REGION AND WORLD effective in Turkey

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk launched a five-year industrial plan in 1933 to mitigate the effects of the 1929 World Economic Crisis and accelerate the country's development. At the same time, important steps have been taken in the field of foreign policy; Entering the League of Nations, signing the Balkan Pact and initiatives such as the Montreux Convention on the Sadabad regime of the Straits of the Straits of Turkey in the region and contributing to prominence as an influential actor in the world.

Ataturk made intense diplomatic efforts for his participation in his homeland, and his goal was in 1939, after his death.

Not only as a commander who has successfully mastered the Turkish independence war but also as a statesman, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk has fallen into history for 57 years and has worked tirelessly for the independence and happiness of his nation and his homeland. triumphant

The founder of the Republic of Turkey, the bold and unforgettable leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, died 80 years ago, nine o'clock in Palma Dolmabahce on November 10, 1938, five of his deaths.

IMPORTANT COVERS OF DAY


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