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NASA: Threat of Earth-destroying asteroid | Science & Tech News



The head of NASA has been warned that it's time to take the threat of an Earth-destroying asteroid seriously.

Jim Bridenstine spoke as the space agency began its planetary defense conference exercises, based around the hypothetical scenario of an asteroid impact.

NASA's administrator expressed concern that similar warnings have historically prompted amusement and said that asteroid collisions were more common than people believed.

NASA's first step will be precisely the measure of the object's speed and trajectory.

After that, and the decision will have to be made: attempt to prevent collision by deflecting the asteroid, or evacuate the area it could crash into.

Planetary defense and astronomical experts have warned against humanity destroying large asteroids with nuclear weapons out of concern that would simply shatter into smaller dangerous pieces.

A scientific study released in March pouring cold water on a film theory that humans could simply blow up asteroid on a collision course with Earth, and found that blasted away fragments from the asteroid would be likely to reform with it because of gravity.







How asteroid fragments would reform under gravity

The most likely response is the evacuate area that is asteroid expected to collide, especially if the asteroid is smaller than 50m (164ft) across.

Mr Bridenstine noted three devastating asteroid impacts which had occurred over the last century.

Most recent he was seen in 2013, when a meteor exploded over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, injecting hundreds of people.

It briefly outshone the sun and inflicted north burns on observers below, as well as smashing windows and rattling buildings.

Researchers say a more solid rock would have caused greater damage and casualties.

The Chelyabinsk Meteor was at its brightest and hottest when it was 18 miles above the Earth. Its speed at this point has been calculated at 40,000mph, or 11.6 miles per second.

That means rock that was initially the size of a double-decker bus was traveling at 20 times the speed of a bullet.

It was the largest object to hit Earth since the Tunguska event of 1908, when exploding comet or asteroid destroyed 2,000 square kilometers of Siberian forest.

Mr Bridenstine has warned that one model suggests similar asteroid events could occur every 60 years, and that Hollywood had offered a false sense of security in suggesting humanity could necessarily save itself.


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