It has been several months since Chinese geneticist He Jiankui has told the world that he has genetically modified human embryos, which was then transferred to the term and resulted in twins. His work, which has come under severe criticism from all over the scientific community, landed him in state custody and once he can face the death penalty as soon as everything is said and done.
Aside, a group of geneticists are now demanding stricter rules for the genetic modification of humans, begging their colleagues to join them in the contract to avoid such work until more information on potential medical and ethical risks of gene modification in humans can be obtained.
"We call for a worldwide moratorium on all clinical uses of human germline editions – that is, changing hereditary DNA (in sperm, eggs, or embryos) to genetically modified children," a group of 18 scientists from around the world wrote. in a new document published in Nature. The "global moratorium" does not mean a permanent ban. Rather, we call for an international framework in which nations, on a voluntary basis, voluntarily commit themselves not to approve any use of clinical cuts, unless certain conditions are met, while maintaining the right to decide. "
The team notes that discussions on various human genetic modification issues take place well in advance of any nation that would create its own regulatory framework to allow such work. The moratorium proposed by scientists could be long-term adopted by countries that want to avoid potentially risky research in the foreseeable future, while others may decide to allow it if certain conditions are met.
"No clinical application of germ line editing should be considered if its long-term biological consequences are not sufficiently understood – for both individuals and humans," the researchers said.
We have achieved an interesting point in the history of genetics. Researchers now have the tools and knowledge to genetically modify human embryos, but this could lead to unpredictable consequences, and no serious scientist is willing to risk real lives to find out. This does not mean that the future of the human race does not include genetic modifications that could prevent disease or certain conditions, but we are not yet in a position to call this call.