The UK has hit the UN's significant goal of ending the HIV epidemic by successfully diagnosing and effectively curing more than 90% of people with this virus.
Public health in England said last year, in the UK, it was estimated that there were about 102,000 people in Britain, 8 – 8,200 – not aware of the infection.
UNAIDS has set a "90-90-90" target for each country, urging health authorities to diagnose more than 90% of people with HIV, giving 90% of the treatment and providing 90% of the virus suppression experience, which means the amount of HIV in their body antiretroviral drugs keep so low they are not for other infectious.
In July, UNAids said Botswana, Cambodia, Denmark, Swaziland, Namibia and the Netherlands had reached 90-90-90 targets and seven other countries were on the way.
The United Kingdom has now joined its ranks, PHE reported, 92% diagnosed, 98% diagnosed patients and 97% treated viral suppression.
The PHE report released before World AIDS Day on Saturday indicates that new diagnoses are continuing to decline, from 5,280 in 2016 to 4,363 in 2017. Especially transmission between homosexual and bisexual men has fallen since 2012.
Candidates will be the key choice of PreP – pre-exposure prophylaxis – as an important factor, though not the only one. PreP is an antiretroviral drug that can be used daily by those who are at risk because, for example, they have a partner who is HIV-positive. It has been shown to reduce the probability of infection by more than 90%.
Organizations dealing with HIV spread have taken the NHS to court for refusing to pay for PreP and won in 2016. The NHS estimated that the drug's cost would be £ 20m per year. As a result, 10,000 men were offered in preparation.
The PHE report states that the use of PreP may be one of the causes of declining infections, but this effect can not yet be quantified. The study points to a set of measures including the use of condoms, increased testing, especially in sexual health clinics and the diagnosis of faster drug use.
"There is no doubt that the preventive endeavor to end the HIV epidemic in the UK is working," said Noel Gill, Head of the STI and HIV Department at PHE. "Our efforts need to continue rapidly to eliminate HIV It is estimated that 8,000 people who are still unaware of their infection are important for people to seek HIV testing if they are considered to be at risk or receive a HIV test by a healthcare professional because timely diagnosis is the key to stopping transmission.
Secretary of Health and Welfare Matt Hancock remembered when HIV-positive diagnosis was "effective punishment".
"Nowadays, in the United Kingdom, almost all people with HIV are not only diagnosed and treated but live a long and healthy life – and we are one of the few countries to meet these ambitious objectives of the UN.
"It did not seem possible just a few decades ago, but through the efforts of public health authorities, charities and the NHS to promote timely testing and pioneering high-quality treatment, we are pushing to fight HIV."
However, there is still a great deal of concern about 43% of people diagnosed late, which means they might be ill and could infect other people before they become aware of their own HIV status.
Deborah Gold, executive director of the National Aids Trust, said the group was excited to make all the effort so exquisitely. "With a genuine political will, investment, and public support, we can remove HIV as a threat to public health and make real progress towards the UN goal of combating HIV, , which is supposed to put an end to stigma related to HIV. "
Ian Green, CEO of Terrence Higgins Trust, said it was a fantastic message. "But it is far from the end, and it is time to be even more ambitious when we are working to end the new HIV transmissions in the UK," he said. He asked the government to commit to ending new infections by 2030.
The Local Government Association also applauded the news, but called for the cancellation of £ 600 million of state health care contributions that fund sexual health services.