Science in the UK will be launched into space to help deal with aging effects through funding from the United Kingdom Space Agency, Science Minister Sam Gyimah announced.
The minister has revealed nearly three million pounds of new resources for experiments ahead of the 20th anniversary of the International Space Station (ISS) on Tuesday, 20 November.
With the launch in 2021, two attempts will focus on age-related muscle loss, while the third will address new techniques for producing materials and alloys in a space with properties that can not be acquired on Earth.
While age-related muscle aging has a major impact on the quality of life of older people, the causes of this process are not fully understood. The aging society of the United Kingdom is one of the four major problems identified by the modern governmental industrial strategy.
Science Minister Sam Gyimah said, "This research will help those with muscular conditions live longer, healthier and happier lives, and is a great example of our modern industrial strategy in action – transforming life on earth through research outside of this world."
Spaceflight is an extreme environment that causes many negative health changes on the body, and astronauts can lose up to 40% of their muscles after 6 months in space. These changes are considered to be an excellent model for the aging process in the body, and scientists can use the lessons learned in studying astronaut changes to better understand the aging of the human body.
Dr Graham Turnock, chief executive officer of the British Space Agency, said: "For 20 years, the International Space Station has been providing a state-of-the-art astronaut lab that performs state-of-the-art research as we celebrate everything that has been achieved over the past two decades. the forefront of future pioneering scientific research, enabling us to gain knowledge that will improve life on Earth. "
The University of Liverpool has earned more than £ 1.1m to study age-related muscle loss with the use of muscle cells grown in the lab. Cells will be stimulated to use electricity at the International Space Station, and scientists will explore the changes that will emerge as soon as they return to Earth. They will also test the effects of the exposure of some muscle cells to an increased amount of protective protective heat shocks that can alter the way they respond to the harsh environment of space.
Findings from this study will improve our understanding of the processes underlying the loss of muscle mass in space and the elderly on Earth, and suggest potential therapies to prevent it.
Professor Malcolm Jackson of the University of Liverpool said: "Aging is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century, and so the opportunity to use microgravity to understand the mechanism behind the loss of age-related muscles is really exciting.
"This project combines Liverpool's strong knowledge of aging and chronic illness with the technical experience of our industrial partner, Kayser Space, to design and build a state-of-the-art real-world space experiment."
University of Nottingham and Exeter will receive nearly £ 450,000 to build on a study of space-induced muscle loss, which includes an experiment to be launched later this year when hundreds of microscopic worms are taken to the ISS.
Microscopic worms, known as C. elegans, share many basic biological properties as humans and are affected by biological changes in the universe, including changes in muscles and the ability to use energy.
Professor Nathaniel Szewczyk, of the University of Nottingham, said: "We are excited to be able to continue testing the causes and treatment of muscle loss in space, a research that can be used to lose muscle with disease and age on Earth.
"It is incredibly incredible opportunity to demonstrate with Kayser's universe the full capacity to fly space biology expertise in Great Britain. It would be extremely good if our foreign partners were looking for Great Britain to lead the project."
The ISS, where astronauts and objects float effortlessly, offers a great opportunity to explore new materials, life in the universe, human body, fluidity, new technologies and many other things.
Strathclyde University will receive nearly £ 1.3 million to find out how shaking liquid in microgravity induces solids accumulation and high-order aggregates instead of causing floating particles to simply dissipate. This surprising phenomenon only occurs when the fluid is heated and shaken simultaneously. These experiments will lead to advanced manipulation of non-contact manipulations in the production of new materials and alloys.
Professor Marcello Lappa of the University of Strathclyde said: "These experiments that allow microgravity, advanced devices available onboard ISS and QinetiQ's specific UK-made hardware will lead to new advanced techniques and nanotechnologies for manufacturing materials with properties that can not to gain on Earth. "
The United Kingdom is able to support these experiments through a European program for exploring the European Space Agency, which will bring benefits to UK science directly from human space flight.
United Kingdom Space Agency
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Poor weather slows space launch in the US by Saturday
Washington (AFP) on November 15, 2018
Wind weather attracted Saturday the planned launch of a US cargo ship that was supplied by an astronaut living at the International Space Station, NASA said on Thursday.
Delay until 17:01 (0901 GMT) On November 17 from Wallops in Virginia, which became the second time-out, the leader postponed the mission from the original flight plan on Thursday.
"Teams have decided to wait for the next day for the start after evaluating the continuing unfavorable weather conditions, including strong winds and high … read more