Astronaut Christina Koch will be making a record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman when she completes her 11-month-long mission aboard the International Space Station (ISS) in February 2020. Human Missions to the Moon and Mars.
Ms. Koch's mission will provide researchers with the opportunity to observe the long-term spaceflight on a woman, NASA said. NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and his NASA astronaut – 340 days set by former NASA astronaut Scott Kelly during his one-year mission in 2015-16.
Lack of data
The mission was necessary as the majority of data available is on male astronauts. Male and female body responding differently, and different health conditions occur at different rates in male and female populations.
With this mission, researchers hope to better understand astronaut adaptability over long periods of space exposure and better support for effective countermeasures to maintain crew health.
NASA last month accepted a challenge from Donald Trump to return to the Moon by 2024, four years ahead of the U.S. space agency's earlier set target.
“This time, when we go to the Moon, we will stay. And then we will use what we learn on the Moon to take the next giant leap— sending astronauts to Mars, ”NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine had said then.
Ms. Koch's stay on the space station will be the eclipse of Peggy Whitson, 288 days on Expeditions 50 through 52 in 2016-17, NASA said.
Ms. Koch arrives on board space station March 14, beginning scientific research activities as part of the Expedition 59 crew. "It's an Honor to Follow in Peggy's Footsteps," Ms. Koch was quoted as saying by NASA.
Meanwhile, NASA's Human Research Program continues to lay the groundwork for future one-year missions at the Space Station and has selected 25 proposals to investigate biological, physiological, and behavioral adaptations to spaceflight.
NASA said it was about to address five hazards of human space travel – space radiation, isolation and confinement, gravity fields, and hosted / closed environments that pose. great risks to the human mind and body in space.