The journey from tropical Central America, from the jungle to the gigantic metropolis of Mexico and then to the desert that leads to the USA. USA, reduces the health of overcrowded caravans of migrants who are at risk of contact with respiratory infections such as tuberculosis and influenza.
At sunrise on Sunday, nearly 5,000 Central American residents, mostly Honduran, went to Tijuana where they want to ask EE for asylum. UU., Although the country's president, Donald Trump, signed a presidential mandate last week limiting the possibilities for asylum seekers on the border with Mexico, and prevents such protection being given to those who access their country in an irregular manner.
Exiting cars with children still sleeping and dragging heavy blankets faced by cold nights in Corregidor's outer corridors in the central state of Querétaro have reached a place where the route to neighbor Guanajuato begins. There have been the first signs of shocks in migrants who suffer from extreme climate change, overcrowding and physical exhaustion.
Teenage girl disappeared on the edge of the road. "It takes days with fever", she reached one of the young people who accompanied her before they did it. A few yards ahead, a four-year-old Honduran girl struggling on the floor, struggling to make a long line to move her mother Mirna Carolina Ayala to a freight trailer.
"I do not know what she does, she does not want to eat in days … If anything happens, I'm dying," the woman said between her sobs as the paramedics handed the girl oxygen. Little Madaleli "brings a fever, and glucose is high, it should be evaluated by a pediatric team for any pre-diabetic disease, dehydrated, not doing well," said Luis Manuel Martinez, emergency emergency coordinator of the local health secretary, When she regained consciousness, the girl was taken by an ambulance to the hospital. His scream of pain scared a good part of the caravan.
Winter is coming
The caravan generally comes in a "deteriorated state". "They come from a hot climate and here the temperature becomes lower, more wear, people are not used to walking, eat and sleep poorly."explains Martinez.
The most common risk for doctors is respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. "We found that it was a flu and tuberculosis infection," said the Red Cross doctor, who demanded anonymity and spent a night at a shelter.
At dawn, a symphony of sneezes, sighs of sighs, and coughing, struck by strong streams of ice air, sounded in the crowded camp. "Most of us have been affected by cough, flu, excessive climate, very cold, I can not stand it," said José Castellano, a 20-year-old Honduras, who left his medical center in the camp.
The spread of viruses and bacteria is common. "If you do not put a boat with water, you have to take it from your partner," explains the young man who trembles cold, under the two trousers and the double jacket you saw. Castellano understands that every passing day is closer to winter, which reaches below the zero point near the northern border. "You must be prepared not to kill us with hypothermia," he said.
Most of us suffered from cough, flu. Due to the exaggerated climate it is very cold
Waste and new toilets
Tuberculosis affects the lungs, causes cough, fever, night sweats and weight loss, according to the World Health Organization. Although it is curable immediately, it is spread by cough, sneezing or spitting, such as flu. These diseases can degenerate into epidemics, cause pneumonia or death.
Migrants were asleep accumulated on the open surface to create a huge pad or multicolored mosaic. Along with them there are mobile toilets that sometimes overflow, except the mountain of dirt and debris they create.
The stadium provided only ten toilets, "five for men and five women (…) and we are a crowd," regretted Julio Díaz, a Honduran electrician who must cure his child for an eye infection.
"The problem is that some of us who are here are neat, but others are very dirty, they have no education," he said, holding a plastic bag of medicines.
Through the labyrinthic passages of the camp there are crying of headaches, bones, legs, shoulders, molars, stomachs, chest. There are also souls' pains. "What hurts me is the heart, in my country I miss everything I like," says Araceli López, a mother who hugs her daughter with a special crest of lice.
"Children always embrace and play, so they were all filled with all," he explains when he crushes one of the parasites between her nails.